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D. Bochenek and P. Niemiec

Abstract

A lead free ceramic composite 0.9BaFe0:5Nb0:5O3-0.1Ni0:5Zn0:5Fe2O4 (BFN-NZF) with ferroelectromagnetic properties have been obtained in presented work. Ceramic composite powder obtained from the simple oxides Fe2O3, Nb2O5, ZnO, NiO and barium carbonate BaCO3. The composition of the composite was chosen so that the ratio of the BFN and NZF components was 90:10. The synthesis of components of BFN-NZF composite was performed using the calcination method. Final densification of synthesized powder has been done using free sintering. The XRD, the microstructure, EDS and dielectric investigations were performed. For comparison of the BFN ceramic and the BFN-NZF composites, temperature and frequency impedance research was conducted. Relaxation phenomena were observed at temperatures above 235°C in the BFN ceramic and above 150°C in the BFN-NZF composite. Obtained results show the coexistence of ferroelectric and magnetic properties. Such properties of obtained composites give the possibility to use them in magnetoelectric transducers.

Open access

D. Bochenek, F. Grabowski and P. Niemiec

Influence of Cobalt Admixture on the Microstructure and Dielectric Properties of PFN Ceramics

Within our work a ceramic of the PFN type was obtained by a single stage method and it was subjected to a cobalt modification in the amount of: 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0 and 6.0 mol%. Studies of the influence of the cobalt admixture on the crystalline structure, microstructure and ferroelectric properties of PFN ceramics were performed. It was shown that the iso-valence PFN admixing with cobalt had a positive influence on the density and ceramic microstructure. Higher cobalt admixtures (above 1.0 mol%) in PFN eliminate pyrochlore phase formation, and at the same time they reduce maximum electric permittivity values. The ferroelectric to paraelectric phase transition in the modified PFN compositions undergoes diffusion.

Open access

P. Niemiec, R. Skulski, D. Bochenek and P. Wawrzała

Abstract

We present the results of obtaining and investigating ceramic samples of solid solution (1-x)(PbZr0.53Ti0.47O3)- x(PbFe0.5Ta0.5O3) [i.e. (1-x)PZT-xPFT] with x =0.25, 0.35 and 0.45 obtained using conventional ceramic technology. These materials belong to class of materials known as multiferroics. Solid solutions PZT-PFT are the lowest-loss room-temperature multiferroics known, and as a result there are very interesting for magnetoelectric devices. Paper presents the results of termogravimetric investigations, EDS, XRD and main dielectric measurements. It has been stated that with increasing content of PFT decreases the mean diameter of grains and more wide distribution of grain diameters is observed. For x =0.25 sharp phase transition from ferroelectric phase to paraelectric one is observed and high values of dielectric permittivity. Composition PZT-PFT with x =0.45 has the lowest values of dielectric permittivity, and the transition is more diffused. The increase of x leads also to the shift of the temperature of maximum of dielectric permittivity towards lower temperatures. Samples with x =0.25 and x =0.35 exhibit very low values of dielectric losses up to about 100°C. Dielectric losses for samples with x =0.45 are higher. For obtained PZT-PFT samples we have investigated P-E hysteresis loops at room temperature for frequency 1 Hz. For composition x =0.25 it after application the field about 2.5 kV/mm polarization is equal approximately 28 μC/cm2, while for x =0.35, and x =0.45 after application the field about 2.0 kV/mm the polarizations are equal about 25 μC/cm2 and 20 μC/cm2 respectively. Very low values of losses and high values of polarization lead to the conclusion that interesting material PZT-PFT for applications should be composition with x =0.25.

Open access

P. Niemiec, R. Skulski, D. Bochenek and P. Wawrzała

Abstract

In this work it is designed and obtained the multicomponent material with the formula 0.6075PMN-0.2025PT-0.09PS- 0.1PFN:Li (PMN-PT-PS-PFN:Li) for applications in multilayer ceramic capacitors MLCC. Obtaining of PMN-PT-PS-PFN:Li was done by two alternative methods of synthesis. In the first method a PMN-PT-PS-PFN:Li has been obtained from simple compounds (oxides, carbonates), in the second method the complex compounds (MgNb2O6 and FeNbO4) and simple compounds (oxides PbO, TiO2 and carbonate Li2CO3) were used. From synthesized powder of PMN-PT-PS-PFN:Li the ceramic samples were obtained which have next undergone comprehensive investigations. The X-ray investigations, as well as ferroelectric, dielectric and elastic investigations have been made.

Open access

D. Bochenek, P. Niemiec, R. Zachariasz, A. Chrobak and G. Ziółkowski

Abstract

A ferroelectric-ferromagnetic composites based on PZT powder have been obtained in presented work. The main aim of combination of ferroelectric and magnetic powders was to obtain material showing both electric and magnetic properties. Ferroelectric ceramic powder (in amount of 90%) was based on the doped PZT type solid solution while magnetic component of the composite was nickel-zinc ferrite Ni1-x ZnxFe2O4 (in amount of 10%). The synthesis of components of ferroelectric-ferromagnetic composite was performed using the solid phase sintering. Final densification of synthesized powder has been done using free sintering. For obtained of ferroelectric-ferromagnetic composites the XRD, the microstructure, EDS, dielectric, magnetic, internal friction and electrical hysteresis loop investigations were performed. Obtained results shown the correlations between the magnetic subsystem and the electrical subsystem of the ferroelectric-ferromagnetic composites. Such properties of obtained composites give the possibility to use them in memory applications of new type.

Open access

R. Zachariasz, J.A. Bartkowska, D. Bochenek and P. Niemiec

Abstract

In the work, temperature Q-1(T) and amplitude Q-1(") dependences of internal friction for ferroelectric - ferromagnetic composites on the base of the PZT and ferrite were determined. The temperature dependences of internal friction Q-1 reveal the peak in the range of high temperatures. We have investigated the peak associated with the viscous-elastic mobility of ferroelectric domain walls. The internal friction due to the viscous-elastic mobility of ferroelectric domain walls was calculated and compared with the experimental data in the reference to the Wang’s theory. Based on internal friction measurements and theoretical considerations, the peak was described. Additionally the amplitude (isothermal) Q-1(") dependences for the composites were made. This allowed for the interpretation of the maximum observed on the temperature dependences of the internal friction Q-1(T).

Open access

D. Bochenek, P. Niemiec, M. Adamczyk, R. Skulski, R. Zachariasz, B. Wodecka-Duś and Z. Machnik

Abstract

In the paper two compositions of the multi-component PZT-type ceramics admixtures by Mn4+, Sb3+, W6+, Ni2+ were presented. The ceramic powders were synthesized by the calcination of powders while their densification was carried out by free sintering method. The dielectric, ferroelectric, piezoelectric studies and DC electrical conductivity of the multicomponent PZT-type samples were presented. The results of the multi-component ceramics predispose these type materials in micromechatronic and microelectronic applications for example as element of the actuators.