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P. Bragiel, P. Ficek, W. Prochwicz, I. Radkowska and N. Veeraiah

Abstract

A series of glasses of the composition 20Na2-O-15CaO-5B2O3-5SiO2-(55 - x) P2O5:xMnO2, was prepared and characterized by XRD, DSC, SEM, and Raman techniques. The samples were later immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF) for checking the potential growth of hydroxyapatite layer (HA). Experiments confirmed that addition of manganese oxide leads to structural changes of the glasses. With increasing content of MnO2, the surface of the samples became more congenial for improving the growth of HA. The formation of HA layer on the surface of the samples was confirmed just after seven days of immersion. The growth rate of HA has gradually increased with the increase of MnO2 content.

Open access

J. Gondro, K. Błoch, P. Brągiel, M. Nabiałek and M. Szota

Three distinct alloys: Fe86Zr7Nb1Cu1B5, Fe82Zr7Nb2Cu1B8, and Fe81Pt5Zr7Nb1Cu1B5 were characterized both magnetically and structurally. The samples, obtained with spinning roller method as a ribbons 3 mm in width and 20 μm thick, were investigated as-quenched and after each step of a multi steps heating treatment procedure. Each sample was annealed at four steps, fifteen minutes at every temperature, starting from 573K+600K up to +700K depending on type of alloy. Mössbauer spectroscopy data and transmission electron microscope (HRE M) pictures confirmed that the as-quenched samples are fully amorphous. This is not changed after the first stages of treatment heating leads to a reduction of free volumes. The heating treatment has a great influence on the magnetic susceptibilities. The treatment up to 600K improves soft magnetic properties: an χ increase was observed, from about 400 to almost 1000 for the samples of alloys without Pt, and from about 200 to 450 at maximum, for the Fe81Pt5Zr7Nb1Cu1B5. Further heating, at more elevated temperatures, leads to magnetic hardening of the samples. Curie temperatures, established from the location of Hopkinson’s maxima on the χ(T) curve are in very good agreement with those obtained from the data of specific magnetization, σ(T), measured in a field of 0.75T. As a critical parameter β was chosen to be equal 0.36 for these calculations, it confirmed that the alloys may be considered as ferromagnetic of Heisenberg type. Heating treatment resulted in decreasing of TC. These changes are within a range of several K.