Ortansa Csutak, Viorica Corbu, Ileana Stoica and Tatiana Vassu
Fatty acids represent important substrates for obtaining microbial lipases and biosurfactants. The yeast strain CMGBRG5 was identified as Rhodotorula glutinis using the BIOLOG MicroLog System. The opacity screening tests showed that R. glutinis CMGB-RG5 was able to produce lipases in presence of 1% Tween 80 after three days of incubation. Lipase induction was estimated as cell growth in presence of Tween 80, Tween 20, olive oil and tributyrin. After 48 hours, best results were obtained in presence of butyric acid, respectively, oleic acid: 2.2 × 107 cells/ml on tributyrin and 1.0 × 107 cells/ml on olive oil. Biosurfactant production was evaluated as emulsification index (E24%). After one week, high E24 values were obtained on fried sunflower oil (53%) and olive oil (35%). Crude and concentrated biosurfactants were tested against nine Candida strains. Best antimicrobial activity was observed for [20X] biosurfactants against C. tropicalis, C. guilliermondii and C. krusei. In conclusion, R. glutinis CGB-RG5 shows high potential for using fatty acids from various sources as unique carbon substrates for synthesis of biocompounds with high economic and biotechnological value.