Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items for

  • Author: Oksana Fokina x
Clear All Modify Search
Open access

Dace Grauda, Kalvis Avotiņš, Oksana Fokina, Agnese Kolodinska-Brantestam and Isaak Rashal

Abstract

White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is well represented in the urban environment and wide areas. The goal of this study was to compare the genetic features and to determine the genetic distances and similarities between some populations of white clover using iPBS (inter primer binding sites) technique in a retrotransposon-based method in samples from ecologically different areas in Latvia. Comparisons were made between three plant groups: urban environment (different areas in Rīga), Latvian countryside territory (four different localities), and the commercial variety ‘Daile’. The Shannon diversity index was not high (0.2974 for Rīga, 0.3079 in countryside territories, and 0.3367 for the variety ‘Daile’), but the polymorphic bands present in all evaluated plant sets were higher than 89%. Using principal coordinates analysis the white clover formed three clusters. One cluster included plants from the variety ‘Daile’. The plants from Rīga urban area and different sites of Latvia formed two clusters.

Open access

Inta Belogrudova, Dace Grauda, Lita Lapiņa, Gunta Jakobsone, Daina Roze, Reinis Ornicāns, Oksana Fokina and Isaak Rashal

Abstract

According to the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation, 75% of endangered species should be preserved in ex situ collections till 2020. The genus Liparis has a lot of recognised taxons, but only one species, Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich., grows in Europe. L. loeselii is a rare and endangered orchid species occurring in Europe. In Latvia L. loeselii is classified as the third category of endangered and protected species. To develop the best conservation strategy, the knowledge concerning the genetic differences of protected plants in a particular area is crucial. For this purpose, the genetic diversity of L. loeselii populations from different Latvian habitats was tested. The inter-retrotransposon amplified polymorphism method (iPBS) was used for population genetic diversity evolution. In total, 54 accessions from nine habitats were collected and analysed. L. loeselii leaves have a high content of phenols that reduce the quality of extracted DNA. It was found that the percentage of polymorph loci varied among the populations of L. loeselii growing in different habitats; some of the populations were genetically homogeneous. The genetic diversity levels of L. loeselii populations are related with the population age and the growing conditions.

Open access

Dace Grauda, Andra Miķelsone, Nadežda Ļisina, Kârlis Žagata, Reinis Ornicāns, Oksana Fokina, Lita Lapiņa and Isaak Rashal

Abstract

Our goal was to improve the method of obtaining double haploids (DH) by anther culture from Latvian breeding material for several agriculturally important cereals in Latvia: barley, spring and winter wheat. Hybrids from Latvian breeders were initial material. It was found that copper (2.5 mg/l) added to barley anther pre-treatment media and to both barley (C3) and wheat (liquid AMC) induction media, resulted in a higher percentage of green plants-regenerants. In general, the winter wheat hybrids exhibited lower embryogenesis than spring wheat hybrids. Obtaining a large number of DH lines from barley and wheat hybrids with unknown androgenesis response can be organized in two stages: first - selection from breeding initial material hybrids responsive in anther culture, which enables production of green plants-regenerants, and second - production of DH lines in a large scale from selected hybrids.