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  • Author: Oki Suwarsa x
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Genotyping of Mycobacterium leprae in a Son-and-Father Pair of Patients Indicated the Possible Mode of Leprosy Transmission: a Case Report

Abstract

One of the success indicators of the World Health Organization (WHO) leprosy eradication program is the decreasing number of new cases of pediatric leprosy with a grade 2 disability. A case of borderline lepromatous (BL) leprosy with partial claw hand in a 13-year-old boy was reported. On physical examination, we found claw fingers on the fourth and fifth fingers of the left hand accompanied by hypoesthetic erythematous plaques on both cheeks. The patient also presented with the enlargement of bilateral great auricular, ulnar, and peroneal nerves. The bacteriological examination showed the bacterial index 3+ and morphological index 35%. The results of histopathological and serological anti-phenolic glycolipid-I examinations supported the diagnosis of BL type of leprosy. Genotyping of Mycobacterium leprae by variable number tandem repeat of the patient showed 24 copies thymine-thymine-cytosine that were similar to his father, who had been diagnosed with leprosy 12 years before, without adequate therapy. The result indicated the possibility of leprosy transmission from the father to a son. This case report revealed the presence of leprosy in children with a multibacillary infection who have been living with leprosy family members. Genotyping seems to be feasible for epidemiological analysis of leprosy transmission.

Open access
Concurrence of Bullous Pemphigoid and Psoriasis: A Case Report

Abstract

Bullous pemphigoid (BP) and psoriasis are chronic recurrent inflammatory skin diseases. The pathogenesis of concurrence of BP with psoriasis is still unknown. A 39-year-old male with a five-year history of chronic plaque psoriasis developed itchy large tense bullae on the trunk and upper extremities after he had been receiving narrow band ultraviolet B (NBUVB) therapy over five months. Skin biopsy from bulla on the trunk showed typical histological features of BP. Direct immunofluorescent staining showed deposit of immunoglobulin G and C3 in the basement membrane zone (BMZ) which supported the diagnosis of BP. It has been postulated that the autoimmune process responsible for BP lesions might be induced by ultraviolet light therapy and/or the inflammatory processes that occur in psoriasis.

Open access
Bacterial Vaginosis in Pregnant Women at Maternal and Child Hospital, West Java, Indonesia, 2018: High Prevalence in Asymptomatic Females

Abstract

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a lower genital tract infection of reproductive women which can occur in pregnant and non-pregnant women. BV in pregnant women can increase the risk of complications, including increased incidence of abortion, premature rupture of membranes, preterm birth, and babies with low birth weight. BV can also increase the risk of acquired sexually transmitted infection (STI) and their further transmission, including human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV). Each country has a different prevalence of BV. The previous report of BV prevalence in pregnant women was submitted in Jakarta, Indonesia in 1990. Until now, there is no update data of BV in pregnant women, especially in West Java, Indonesia. Thus, we conducted a descriptive observational study using a cross-sectional design and a consecutive sampling method in June 2018. This study included 60 pregnant women in the Maternal and Child Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia. Out of 60 participants, seven (11.67%) participants had BV according to Amsel criteria. Asymptomatic BV was diagnosed in all participants. This study shows the prevalence of BV in pregnant women in the Maternal and Child Hospital in Bandung during June 2018. The assessment of screening BV should be recommended as a routine workup. To avoid complications in pregnant women and infants it should not be waited for the symptoms to reveal.

Open access