The Relationship Between 1 Hour Glycemia, During Oral Glucose Tolerance Test and Cardiometabolic Risk
Background Diabetes mellitus is a very common disease, worldwide there are currently over 366 million diabetics. It seems that people with normal glucose tolerance and blood glucose at 1 hour during OGTT ≥200mg% represent an intermediate phenotype of abnormal glucose metabolism, another disturbance of carbohydrate metabolism that is associated with increased cardiometabolic risk. Objectives Starting from these premises, we decided to analyze the subjects with glucose at 1 hour during OGTT ≥200mg%, but with normal values for fasting glucose and 2 hours glucose. In this subgroup of subjects some parameters of CMR were analyzed. We also performed a comparison of this subgroup of subjects with both normal glucose tolerance and 1-hour glucose <200mg%, and with those with abnormal glucose tolerance. Results According to currently used recommendations to diagnose diabetes mellitus, from the 778 people included in this study, 167 (21.5%) had disturbances of carbohydrate metabolism, being classified as patoglycemic and 611 persons (78.5%) had normal values of fasting glucose and 2 hours glucose during OGTT, being considered normoglycemic. From the 611 people who were classified as normal glucose tolerance, based on the currently used criteria for diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, a total of 44 persons (7.2%) had, however, the value of 1-hour glucose during OGTT ≥200mg%, which represents 5.6% of the entire group studied. Conclusions Patients with normal glucose tolerance and glucose ≥200mg% at 1 hour during OGTT represent a new subgroup of impaired glucose tolerance, which requires strict lifestyle advice and possibly pharmacological measures to prevent or delay progression to abnormal glucose tolerance.