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  • Author: Nicoleta Bărbuţă-Mişu x
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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present a comparative study of trade credit indicators and the possible determinants of trade credit for firms acting in the construction sector, using a sample of 958 medium and large firms for the period 2004-2013. The objective of the study is to identify and examine selected variables that may determine trade credit used and provided by selected firms. The sample is derived from the Amadeus database. The examined firms were ones that have sold and bought on credit. The data was organised as panel- data and quantitative analyses were performed. This study demonstrates results that firms with higher trade receivables are less profitable; a positive correlation was found between trade receivables and liquidity, whereas a negative correlation was detected between trade receivables and gearing; larger firms provide and obtain more trade credit than medium firms; more profitable firms use less gearing; firms with higher profit margin are more liquid and more liquid firms use less gearing; based on an average and overall terms, there is not such a clear distinction between Western and Eastern European countries from viewpoint of net trade credit and net trade period.

Abstract

Financial accounting information plays an important role in assessing and forecasting firms’ financial performance. But besides that, there are other external factors affecting the performance of firms, such as economic and financial crises, which cause imbalances over the economy and affects the business environment. Thus, based on financial statements data, in this paper, the determinants of financial performance are examined, and the impact of a financial crisis on these factors is analyzed, using the fixed and random effects panel estimators. A sample of non-financial firms from European countries considering annual data for the period of 2006 to 2015 was used for this research. The results achieved by panel data analysis show that a crisis exerts a significant positive effect over financial performance as well as liquidity, assets turnover, and labor productivity, meaning that firms tend to put in greater efforts to maintain financial performance in the face of a crisis. Financial performance is significantly and negatively influenced by leverage independently of the crisis effect, showing return on assets to be lower than the average interest rate.

Abstract

The aim at this paper is to propose an econometric model for analyzing economic performance in the furniture industry in Romania, conducted on a sample of 293 firms. The net profit was considered as a dependent variable and the turnover, expenses with employees, value added, current liabilities and inventories as independent variables. Five hypotheses were proposed, tested and validated by using multiple linear regression. The most significant results show that there is a positive significant relationship between net profit and value added and a negative significant relationship between net profit and expenses with employees. Since the model has been validated statistically, we consider that it can provide useful predictions in terms of economic performance analysis in the furniture industry.