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Nicolae Baltes and Alexandra-Gabriela-Maria Dragoe

Abstract

The research aims to determine the financial performance of the companies listed and traded on the Bucharest Stock Exchange from the manufacturing sector in Romania, compared with the performance recorded by the Bucharest Stock Exchange, based on the exchange rates. It was concluded that the financial performance of the companies included in the research, quantified on the basis of the exchange rates, decreased significantly with the arrival of the financial and economic crisis, currently, the companies being unable to reach the level of performance recorded before the crisis.

Open access

Nicolae Baltes and Maria-Daciana Rodean

Abstract

The research’s purpose is to study the credit institutions’ performance, from the shareholders’ point of view, through return on equity (ROE). It aims to identify a dependency relationship between return on equity (ROE) and endogenous factors (the growth rate of credit portfolio, the growth rate provisions, the solvency ratio), on the one hand and, on the other hand between ROE and the exogenous ones (GDP and inflation rate). The research was done over an horizon of 10 years (2004-2013) on the evolution of the return on equity indicator of two credit institutions listed on Bucharest Stock Exchange (Carpathian Commercial Bank SA and Banca Transilvania SA), highlights their vulnerability to economic conditions. The results obtained indicates, that in both credit institutions, the variation of return on capital is determined in a significant proportion by intern factors and it is conditioned in a insignificant share by the exogenous factors

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Nicolae Baltes and Georgiana Daniela Minculete (Piko)

Abstract

The study aims at determining the financial performance of companies in the pharmaceutical industry between 2009 and 2014 by means of the indicator of the financial return rate, using multiple linear regressions as research method. By analysing the evolution of the share of companies in the pharmaceutical industry based on the trend of the financial rate of return, we can estimate that the number of entities that resort to supporting the financial activities from loans and liabilities is growing in the period under analysis. This is due mainly to the liquidity crisis faced by entities, as a result of the high recovery duration of debts. Also, using the multiple linear regression we can highlight that, the financial return of pharmaceutical companies is positively influenced by their economic profitability, by the equity multiplier and by inflation, and negatively, by the net profit margin.

Open access

Maria-Daciana Rodean (Cozma) and Nicolae Baltes

Abstract

The study’s main objective is represented by the analysis of the reasons that lead to the appearance of an agricultural companies’ default risk, based on the failure rate model developed by Wilson. In the construction of the regression model were taken into consideration the evolution of the two macroeconomic variables: the inflation rate and the variation of the exchange rate over a period of 4 years (2010-2013). The research’ results have shown that the variation of the bankruptcy rate registered by the agricultural sector is 99.99% explained by the variation of both of the macroeconomic explanatory variables.

Open access

Nicolae Balteş and Diana Elena Vasiu

Abstract

The specialized literature suggests the modern analytical indicators of the listed companies’ potential, in their construction starting from the concept of value creation. One of this indicators is Cash Flow Return on Investment (CFROI-Rli), considered as the best measuring indicator of value creation. It represents an internal rate of return on investment, expressing in percentage the ratio between the gross cash flow for the period, after deducting amortization and total gross investments of the same period. This paper presents a case study regarding financial performance in terms of cash flow return on investment (CFROI), of Companies listed and traded on the Bucharest Stock Exchange, during 2006-2013.

Open access

Nicolae Balteș, Florin Dumiter, Delia David and Ștefania Jimon

Abstract

The pension system, together with the social assistance services form the social security system is recognized worldwide throughout the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights for the purpose of insured person compensation for damages regarding some inherent risks as: permanent or temporary inability of work, old age or unemployment. The main objectives of a pension system are decreasing poverty regarding the lower income persons throughout the conditions of limitation of the working capacity which are financially vulnerable. In this article we provide a qualitative and quantitative overview regarding the Romanian pension system structure and mechanism. The conclusions of this article highlight the need for a more comprehensive reform of this system in order to strengthen it for the new challenges still to come in the near future.