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  • Author: Nevenka Kregar Velikonja x
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Abstract

Introduction. Interdisciplinarity and interprofessional networking are important basis for a successful, recognizable and innovative research. Nursing research is at the intersection of health, biomedical and social sciences. Demographic trends in developed countries require integration of health and social services.

Aim. To examine the trend of interdisciplinary approach in terms of addressing social care in connection with nursing care and especially in the field of nursing care of the elderly, we analyzed scientific publications in this field over the period 1998-2018 in the PubMed database.

Discussion. The analysis showed that the number of scientific publications considering social care aspect is growing relatively faster in comparison to those addressing nursing care, especially when addressing elderly population. Development of study programmes should follow the needs of the society so that universities will educate professionals that will be able to tackle emerging problems and issues. Involvement of students in the research projects, dealing with relevant health and social care issues can significantly contribute to gaining required competences.

Conclusions. The obtained publication data are reflecting the current trends of integration of health and social care services in practice and research. Interdisciplinary study programmes as well as engagement of students into relevant research projects are important for the efficient and quality development of care services.

Abstract

Introduction

The first large outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 in Europe occurred in Northern Italy in February 2020. The relatively fast spread of the infection to Slovenia was expected, and preventive measures for its suppression were widely discussed.

Methods

An online questionnaire was designed to evaluate adherence to preventive measures and the extent to which the taking of preventive measures was associated with people’s anxiety level, psychological burden, their perceived vulnerability to disease, germ aversion and a number of demographic characteristics in the early stage of Covid-19 spread. The survey was active for 24 hours (13–14 March 2020). There were 12,307 responses and 7,764 questionnaires were completed in full.

Results

Higher preventive behaviour was found in individuals who experienced greater psychological distress, were more anxious, and expressed greater perceived infectability and germ aversion. Greater compliance with preventive behaviour was found among women, those sharing a household with people aged over 65, the elderly and those who knew somebody who had been infected. These groups also showed higher anxiety levels, which appeared to be significantly increased in general as a result of the specific situation. Quarantine was evaluated as the most efficient preventive measure, and was respected relatively strictly even before it became an officially announced protective measure.

Conclusion

This research reveals a strong association between preventive behaviour and anxiety. Anxiety, together with social distancing, may affect physical and psychological health in the population in the long term. Other aspects of public health might therefore be influenced by the measures currently being enforced to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2.