Zvezdan Savić, Nebojša Ranđelović and Nikola Stojanović
The Sokol movement, as an expressly Slavic cultural, national-liberational liberal movement originated in Czechoslovakia in 1862 under the patronage of Miroslav Tyrš. The aim of the Sokol organization was to unite all the Slavic peoples through physical exercise, under the slogan “Freedom, brotherhood, equality.” The Sokol idea was made up of a synthesis of exercise and national culture. The Sokol movement in Serbia represented a part of a wealthy cultural and sports tradition. The Sokol rallies, competitions and public performances represented the manifestation of the Sokol physical exercise work and the display of Sokol might. Through all these manifestations one could over a shorter or longer period of time track the development of the Sokol exercise program. In addition, these manifestations represented the possibility of noting any drawbacks in the work of certain associations, parishes or societies. At the same time, these manifestations were also of a propaganda-mobilization character in the sense of promoting interest in the Sokol movement and the spreading of the Sokol idea. The MoravskaSokol parish Niš organized eleven rallies from the time it was founded in 1920 to 1939.
Nenad Živanović, Petar Pavlović, Veroljub Stanković, Zoran Milošević, Nebojša Ranđelović and Kristina Pavlović-Babić
The end of the 20th and the first decade of the 21st century are characterized by a technological development which could be described as having revolutionary speed. If we were to look back on the revolutionary events during the 17th and 18th century, in the domain of great scientific changes, changes in industry, agriculture, economy, the organization of social relations (democracy and socialism), we could say that we are witnesses to this sixth technological revolution.
All these civilizational leaps forward have conditioned, quite expectedly, big changes in our profession. This has been reflected in the goals which have been imposed by social changes initiated by numerous revolutionary changes. Even though man and his need for physical exercise, as the nourishing food necessary for his being, have remained the same, the circumstances which have imposed different living conditions have required changes in our profession. Naturally, this was reflected in our science as well (which we refer to by different names today).
The time we live in, caught up in this new sixth technological revolution, requires a different approach to man and his personality. Now, the question is not only how to “drag” him out of a sedentary culture, but also how to fight the increasingly present physical and intellectual inactivity. Through perfectly guided marketing activities which have been made possible by the implementation of new technological aids, man has been drawn into the hedonistic waters of his own inactivity. And unfortunately, he cannot free himself from this skillfully set trap. That is why physical culture and science must be included in finding a means of helping man find his way out of this hedonistic labyrinth and return to his roots.