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  • Author: Nataliya Mukan x
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Abstract

The article reveals the results of the content analysis of Estonian legislative and normative documents, which define the state educational policy regarding the development of both professional and digital competences of school teachers at the current stage of the education reforming of the country. The main objectives are defined as the theoretical analysis of scientific-pedagogical literature, which highlights different aspects of the problem under research; identification of the main features of Estonian legislative framework for professional development of public school teachers, especially in the field of digital competence formation. Teachers’ professional development has been studied by foreign and Ukrainian scientists: L. Chance, A. Hollingsworth, N. Klokar, N. Mukan, V. Oliynyk, D. Ross, E. Villegas-Reimers etc. The paper, in particular, focuses on the provisions of the National Strategy for Continuing Education 2014–2020, the Professional Standards of the Teacher; The Law on Basic Schools and Secondary Schools, the State Program of Competent and Motivated Teachers and School Principals, which regulate goals, content and expected result of the development of the teacher’s digital competence and its importance for the development of education and the state. The analytical references and results of the research of the Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation, dedicated to Estonian education, have been summarized. The research methodology comprises theoretical (logical, induction and deduction, comparison and compatibility, structural and systematic, analysis and synthesis), and applied (observations, questioning and interviewing) methods. The analysis has been carried out through the prism of expediency of borrowing the Estonian positive experience for the educational system of Ukraine, in particular, in the field of public school teachers professional development. The research results have been presented.

Abstract

The article dwells on professional development of public school teachers as an inevitable constituent of education systems in the 21st century. In such economically developed countries as Great Britain, Canada and the USA, the problem of preparing teachers to a difficult and responsible task of upbringing and educating future citizens always remains topical. The authors define the following aim and objectives of their research: to conduct analysis of scientific and pedagogical literature and to define the notion of teachers′ “professional development”; to research a place and role of the constructivist approach to professional development of teachers. Some aspects of the problem under research have been studied by foreign and domestic scientists: political, social, cultural and economic aspects of teachers′ professional development (L. Darling-Hammond, M. Tight); elaboration of professional development curricula (C. Pratt); content of teachers′ professional development (N. Dana Fichtman, S. Zepeda); concept-oriented instruction (J. Guthrie); continuing professional development (Ya. Belmaz, A. Kuzminskyi, O. Kuznietsova). The research methodology comprises theoretical (logical, structural and systematic methods, induction and deduction, comparison and compatibility, analysis and synthesis) and applied (observations, questioning and interviewing) methods. The research results have been presented.

Abstract

In the article the content and operational components of continuing professional development of public school teachers in Great Britain, Canada, the USA have been characterized. The main objectives are defined as the theoretical analysis of scientific-pedagogical literature, which highlights different aspects of the problem under research; identification of the common features of the content, models, forms and methods of continuing professional development of public school teachers. The legislative and normative framework of teachers’ CPD in Great Britain, Canada and the USA, which determines the CPD content, has been highlighted; teachers’ knowledge, skills, professional values and attitudes have been characterised; the key models, forms and methods of teachers’ CPD have been defined. The teachers’ CPD has been studied by foreign and Ukrainian scientists: models, forms and methods of teachers’ CPD (L. Chance, A. Hollingsworth, D. Ross, E. Villegas-Reimers), non-formal teachers’ CPD (J. Scheerens), continuing professional education (Ya. Belmaz, T. Desyatov), postgraduate education (A. Kuzminskyy, V. Russol), professional education (R. Hurevych, N. Nychkalo), teacher training (T. Koshmanova, Ye. Yevtukh), teachers’ professional development (N. Klokar, V. Oliynyk). The research methodology comprises theoretical (logical, induction and deduction, comparison and compatibility, structural and systematic, analysis and synthesis) and applied (observations, questioning and interviewing) methods. The research results have been presented.

Abstract

In the article the methodology of comparative analysis of public school teachers’ continuing professional development (CPD) in Great Britain, Canada and the USA has been presented. The main objectives are defined as theoretical analysis of scientific and pedagogical literature, which highlights different aspects of the problem under research; characteristic of the research methodology, used to conduct the comparative analysis. Their major components of the research model (parametric-determining, conceptual and analytical, integrating-analytical and differentiating-analytical, prognostic component) have been defined and specified. Public school teachers’ CPD has been studied by foreign and domestic scientists: political, social, cultural and economic aspects of teachers’ CPD (L. Darling-Hammond, M. Tight); CPD programs (C. Pratt); CPD content (N. Dana Fichtman, M. Rees, A. Ross, S. Zepeda); CPD models, methods and forms (K. Duinlan, P. Grimmet, G. Troia, P. Wong); continuous professional education (Ya. Belmaz, A. Kuzminskyy, O. Kuznyetsova). The research methodology comprises theoretical (comparative-historical, logical, induction and deduction, comparison and compatibility, structural and systematic, analysis and synthesis, general scientific and interdisciplinary forecasting methods), and applied (observations, questioning and interviewing) methods. The research results have been presented.

Abstract

In the article the theoretical framework of leadership in higher education of England and Wales has been studied. The main objectives of the article are defined as analysis of scientific and pedagogical literature, which highlights different aspects of the problem under research; characteristic of the theoretical fundamentals of educational leadership, and presentation of classification of leadership models in educational sphere. Leadership in higher education has been studied by foreign and domestic scientists: methodology of comparative education (C. Bargh, N. Bidyuk, N. Mukan, A. Sbruyeva); continuous professional education (J. Barge, A. Kuzminskyy, N. Nychkalo, P. Lorange); leadership in education (J. Bareham, L. Danylenko, L. Karamushka, N. Kolominskyy, O. Marmaza); leaders’ training (A. Borysova, V. Ilromovyy) etc. In Ukraine this problem has not been studied yet. The research methodology comprises theoretical (comparative and historical method, logical method, analysis and synthesis), and applied (conversations and dialogues) methods. The research results have been presented: the comprehensive integration of leadership theories in the sphere of philosophy, sociology, psychology, pedagogy, management has been justified; the definition of leadership and distributed leadership, and their characteristic have been provided; the leadership models in higher education of England and Wales have been determined.

Abstract

In the article the theoretical framework of public school teachers’ continuing professional development (CPD) in Great Britain, Canada and the USA has been presented. The main objectives have been defined as theoretical analysis of scientific and pedagogical literature, which highlights different aspects of the problem under research; presentation and characteristic of two models: the model of unification and the model of diversification of teachers’ professional development in the systems of continuing pedagogical education of Great Britain, Canada and the USA by the dominant traits. Their major components have been defined and specified. Public school teachers’ CPD has been studied by foreign and domestic scientists: content of public school teachers’ CPD (N. Dana Fichtman, M. Rees, A. Ross, S. Zepeda); CPD programs (C. Pratt); public school teachers’ CPD models, methods and forms (K. Duinlan, P. Grimmet, G. Troia, P. Wong); continuous professional education (Ya. Belmaz, А. Kuzminskyy, O. Kuznyetsova). The research methodology comprises theoretical (logical, induction and deduction, comparison and compatibility, structural and systematic, analysis and synthesis) and applied (observations, questioning and interviewing) methods. The research results have been presented.

Abstract

In the article the systems of continuing pedagogical education in Great Britain, Canada and the USA have been characterized. The main objectives are defined as the theoretical analysis of scientific-pedagogical literature, which highlights different aspects of the problem under research; identification of the common and distinctive features of the systems of continuing pedagogical education in Great Britain, Canada, the USA. The legislative and normative framework of teachers’ CPD in Great Britain, Canada and the USA has been highlighted; the levels of the systems of continuing pedagogical education have been presented; the main functions of these systems have been determined; the key models, forms and methods of teachers’ CPD have been defined. Foreign and domestic scientists have studied the teachers’ CPD: teacher leadership (T. Bush, M. Clement, D. Jackson, D. Pavlou, R. Venderberghe), models, forms and methods of teachers’ CPD (L. Chance, A. Hollingsworth, D. Ross, E. Villegas-Reimers), non-formal teachers’ CPD (J. Scheerens). The research methodology comprises theoretical (logical, induction and deduction, comparison and compatibility, structural and systematic, analysis and synthesis) and applied (observations, questioning and interviewing) methods. The research results have been presented.

Abstract

In the article the problem of adult immigrants’ learning in Canada has been studied. The main objectives of the article are defined as: analysis of scientific and pedagogical literature which highlights different aspects of the research problem; analysis of the adult immigrants’ learning system in Canada; and the perspectives for creative implementation of Canadian experience in Ukraine.

Adult education and learning throughout the world have been studied by foreign and domestic scientists: fundamentals of lifelong education (O. Martirosyan), theory and practice of adult education (V. Horshkova); peculiarities of adult learning (L. Mazurenko); andragogical (M. Knowles), structural and functional, systemic approaches (N. Alboim); personality-oriented (S. Lisova); axiological (T. Brazhe) approaches; psychological, pedagogical, andragogical, sociological researches of adult education (T. Kuchay, L. Tymchuk) etc. Adult education in Canada has been studied by M. Borysova, N. Mukan, O. Ohiyenko, but the learning system of adult immigrants has not been studied yet. Among research methods we have used comparative and logical methods, induction and deduction, content analysis, prognostic method etc. The following research results have been presented: the adult immigrants’ learning has been described as a system which consists of such components as the aim and objectives, fields of study, functions, principles, legal framework, environment and stages of learning, content and operational components, monitoring and assessment. Among the perspectives of further research we can define the analysis of Canadian “Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition” system.

Abstract

In the article, leadership in R&D activity in English and Welsh universities has been studied. The main objectives of the article are defined as following: to analyze the scientific literature which highlights different aspects of the problem under research, to identify the specificity of leadership practice in R&D, and to develop the recommendations for leadership development in Ukrainian universities. Leadership in higher education has been studied by foreign and domestic scientists, especially, methodology of comparative education (C. Bargh, N. Bidyuk, N. Mukan, A. Sbruyeva); continuous professional education (J. Barge, A. Kuzminskyy, P. Lorange, N. Nychkalo); leadership in education (J. Bareham, L. Danylenko, L. Karamushka, N. Kolominskyy, O. Marmaza); leaders’ training (A. Borysova, V. Hromovyy) etc. In Ukraine the problem of leadership in R&D has not been studied yet. The methodology of our research comprises theoretical (comparative and historical method, logical method, analysis and synthesis), and applied (conversations and dialogues) methods. The research results have been presented: the fundamentals of leadership in R&D and its specificity in England and Wales; the factors of leadership in R&D of English and Welsh universities; the recommendations for leadership development in Ukrainian universities.