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  • Author: Nataša Lalić x
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Comparison of Two Commercial Cyclosporin Assays

Comparison of Two Commercial Cyclosporin Assays

A new Dade Behring Cyclosporin A (CsA) assay has been made commercially accessible recently. The aim of this study was to examine the analytical performance of this assay and the correlation with the Abbott Diagnostics assay. The accuracy and precision within-run were good, but precision between-run slightly exceeded the manufacturer's recommendation on one quality-control material. Dade Behring CsA whole blood results from the kidney recipients (n = 104) were lower (p<0.001) than the Abbott results. The correlation between these two assays was significant (y = -15.61 + 0.751x; r= 0.974; p<0.001). Dade Behring CsA assay demonstrates adequate performance characteristics for routine clinical use and the main advantage is the full automatization without the need for samples pretreatment.

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C-Reactive Protein Predicts Progression of Peripheral Arterial Disease in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A 5-Year Follow-Up Study

Summary

Background: Previous studies have indicated that high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is a risk factor for the peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in diabetes. This study aimed to evaluate the possible predictive significance of hs-CRP for the development and progression of PAD in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).

Methods: The study included 80 patients previously diagnosed with T2D, aged 45–70 years, divided into group A (T2D patients with PAD; n=38) and group B (T2D patients without PAD; n=42). After five years, all the patients were re-examined and divided into subgroups depending on de novo development of PAD or progression of previously diagnosed PAD. Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) measurement was used for PAD diagnosis and hs-CRP was determined by nephelometry.

Results: We found significantly higher hs-CRP levels in group A compared to group B, but only at baseline. Among the patients in group A, those with later progression of PAD (subgroup A1) had the highest levels of hs-CRP at baseline, although not significantly different from those in subgroup A2 (non-progressors). In contrast, hs-CRP level was significantly higher in subgroup B1 (progressors) in comparison to subgroup B2 (non-progressors) at both the first and second exam. Of all the investigated metabolic parameters, hs-CRP was the only independent predictor of PAD progression (OR=0.456, 95% CI=0.267–0.7815, p=0.004). The cut-off point for hs-CRP was 2.5 mg/L (specificity 75% and sensitivity 73.3%) with the relative risk for PAD of 2.93 (95% CI=1.351–6.3629).

Conclusions: Our study implies that hs-CRP can be used as a reliable predictor for the progression of PAD in patients with T2D.

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PREDICTION OF CARDIOVASCULAR MORTALITY IN FUNCTIONALLY DISABLED ELDERLY – A POSSIBLE NEW SCORE / KARDIOVASKULARNI MORTALITET KOD FUNKCIONALNO ZAVISNIH STARIH OSOBA - MOGUĆI PREDIKTIVNI SKOR

Summary

Background: We investigated the traditional and new bio- markers as predictors of cardiovascular mortality in the func- tionally disabled elderly who are living in a community.

Methods: This prospective study included 253 participants (78.3% women) aged 65 and over who were monitored for 32 months. Receiver operating curve analysis and the Cox proportional hazard model were used to identify univariate and multivariate predictors of cardiovascular mortality. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Log rank test were used for survival analysis.

Results: During the study, 43.1% participants died from car- diovascular diseases. Cutoff points of multivariate predictors were used to build a score system. The risk score was positive in patients with three or more of the following predictors: albumin <40 g/L, body mass index <25 kg/m2, total serum bilirubin <10.5 (imol/L, blood urea nitrogen >6.5 mmol/L and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein >2.25 mg/L. The rel- ative risk for cardiovascular mortality for someone with a positive vs. negative score was 3.91 (95% Cl: 2.55-5.98; P< 0.001). There was no change in risk after adjustment for age; sex, traditional cardiovascular risk factors, comorbidities and a number of disabilities.

Conclusions: Presence of lo* grade inflammation, malnulri tion and early signs of renal dy sfunction are essential for car- diovascular risk among the functional disabled elderly and may be assessed using the proposed new inflammatory m3lnuhffion-renal involved score (1MRIS).

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Dual roles of the mineral metabolism disorders biomarkers in prevalent hemodilysis patients: In renal bone disease and in vascular calcification

Summary

Background

Vascular calcification (VC) is highly prevalent in dialysis (HD) patients, and its mechanism is multifactorial. Most likely that systemic or local inhibitory factor is overwhelmed by promoters of VC in these patients. VC increased arterial stiffness, and left ventricular hypertrophy. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the association of VC and myocardial remodeling and to analyze their relationship with VC promoters (fibroblast growth factor 23-FGF23, Klotho, intact parathormon-iPTH, vitamin D) in 56 prevalent HD patients (median values: age 54 yrs, HD vintage 82 months).

Methods

Besides routine laboratory analyzes, serum levels of FGF 23, soluble Klotho, iPTH, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3; pulse wave velocity (PWV); left ventricular (LV) mass by ultrasound; and VCs score by Adragao method were measured.

Results

VC was found in 60% and LV concentric or eccentric hypertrophy in 50% patients. Dialysis vintage (OR 1.025, 95%CI 1.007–1.044, p=0.006) FGF23 (OR 1.006, 95% CI 0.992–1.012, p=0.029) and serum magnesium (OR 0.000, 95%CI 0.000–0.214, p=0.04) were associated with VC. Changes in myocardial geometry was associated with male sex (beta=-0.273, 95% CI -23.967 1.513, p=0.027), iPTH (beta 0.029, 95%CI -0.059–0.001, p=0.027) and vitamin D treatment (beta 25.49, 95%CI 11.325–39.667, p=0.001). Also, patients with the more widespread VC had the highest LV remodeling categories. PWV was associated patient’s age, cholesterol, diastolic blood pressure, LV mass (positively) and serum calcium (negatively), indicating potential link with atherosclerotic risk.

Conclusions

Despite to different risk factors for VC and myocardial remodeling, obtained results could indicate that risk factors intertwine in long-term treatment of HD patients and therefore careful and continuous correction of mineral metabolism disorders is undoubtedly of the utmost importance.

Open access