The articles derives from the research about potential socio-economic and landscape changes EU accession would bring for Slovenia as perceived by the local population in the selected region. The author analyzed which of the predicted changes have been also mirrored in the landscape and how removing the borders improved not just the quality but also the perception of the landscape. Special attention was given to the joined cross-border initiatives which aim at improving the local and regional economic conditions, advancing the agricultural practice and better environment in the region. On one hand, the accession has been along with the opportunities EU initiatives offer accepted as the positive change in the region, on the other it has requested several, sometimes unwanted adaptations in the local communities in order to comply with the EU policies and legislation.
Naja Marot, Damjana Gantar and Barbara Černič Mali
The article sets demographic change in the Alps in the framework of European Territorial Cooperation programs. A statistical overview of selected regions in five Alpine countries serves as a basis for further policy analysis. The latter was undertaken to reveal how transnational projects tackle youth issues, including the difficulties within the labour and real estate markets that appeared to be the most problematic factors influencing (out) migration of the youth. While there is only a minor recognition of the young in current policymaking on supranational, regional and local levels, the analysis showed that the added value of transnational programs for mountain regions and localities can be recognized in the development of multi-stakeholder environments, creating and transferring new solutions for the labour market as well as empowering youth participation in policy processes. However, the extent to which these solutions might contribute to overcoming the challenges of demographic change because of transnational programs is limited by various factors. Among these are the precise governance framework, administrative capacity, and population figures.