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Open access

Mirosława Wesołowska-Janczarek and Monika Różańska-Boczula

Summary

This paper presents an application of Hellwig’s method for selecting concomitant variables under a growth curve model, where the values of the concomitant variables change over time and are the same for all experimental units. The authors present a simple adaptation of the growth curve model to the multiple regression model for which Hellwig’s method applies. The theoretical considerations are applied to the selection of significant concomitant variables for raspberry fruiting.

Open access

Joanna Sender, Weronika Maślanko, Monika Różańska-Boczula and Magda Garbowski

Abstract

Aquatic vegetation greatly impacts lake functions. Forest ecosystems surrounding lakes are effective protection zone of lakes and their associated flora and fauna. The presence of aquatic plants depends on many factors, including the chemical composition and acidity of water, the shape of the lake catchment, the angle of slope along shorelines and the management of surrounding lands. Natural ecosystems throughout Eastern Europe are threatened by anthropogenic activities. Aquatic systems and bogs are particularly sensitive to disturbances. The aim of the study was to determine the influence of land management, forest type and stand age on aquatic plant colonisation within lakes as well as to quantify and qualify the structure of macrophyte communities within two lakes, Płotycze Sobiborskie and Orchowe, located in the Sobibór Landscape Park in western Poland. Even though there were few bogs within the catchment areas and lake buffer zones, where they did occur they had the greatest effect on macrophyte presence. The results of this research indicate that in the absence of anthropogenic disturbances midforest water-bog complexes are relatively stable systems and preserve their natural character. The applied multi-criteria evaluation of macrophytes in the studied lakes and their surrounding buffer zones and catchment areas allowed the lakes to be characterised as lakes with a good ecological status.