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Open access

Simona Sternad Zabukovšek, Irena Šišovska, Monika Mravljak and Samo Bobek

Abstract

E-business is entering its mature stage. E-business in large companies has been researched in several surveys, whereas SMEs and micro companies have been researched less often. Micro companies are, together with SMEs, a critical part of national economies worldwide; both are central to the EU’s development strategies. It is well known that, in an information society, business models are driven by e-business concepts, and e-business models are emerging. An in-depth understanding of e-business use in micro companies is crucial for the success of such companies. The main purpose of this paper is to research the intensity of e-business use, advantages and disadvantages of e-business, the biggest problems of e-business implementation/maintenance, and attitude toward trends of e-business in micro companies. The paper presents findings from a survey carried out on a sample of micro companies. Data were collected via an e-questionnaire, and results were calculated using SPSS. The data confirmed that e-business in micro companies is most often used in connection with e-banking; e-business with the government also appears to be very important.

Open access

Magdalena Humaj-Grysztar, Monika Bobek, Dorota Matuszyk and Marzena Put

Abstract

Aim. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between the mode of delivery and the course of lactation in primiparas in early postpartum period. Material and methods. The research was conducted amongst 200 primiparas including 100 after vaginal delivery and 100 after cesarean section. The study was conducted with the method of diagnostic survey with the author’s original questionnaire as a research tool. Results. The women after vaginal delivery initiate breastfeeding earlier and more often find it successful (p < 0.001). Almost all the primiparas after cesarean delivery formula-fed their newborns (p < 0.001) and they started supplementary formula feeding earlier in comparison to women who had vaginal delivery (p < 0.001). Problem-free breastfeeding was declared by 15% of the respondents after vaginal delivery and 4% of those who had a cesarean section. Conclusions. The mode of delivery influences the lactation process. The primiparas after cesarean delivery had problems with breastfeeding more often than those after vaginal birth.