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Łukasz Wiśniewski, Monika Antošová and Milan Polakovič

Abstract

A mixture of galacto-oligosaccharides and non-prebiotic sugars was separated using a simulated moving bed unit equipped with eight packed-bed columns of a cation exchanger. In order to determine operating conditions using triangle theory, equilibrium adsorption isotherms of galactose, glucose, lactose, tri- and tetragalacto-oligosaccharide were measured. It was found that each column of the SMB unit had a maximum separation efficiency of more than 3000 theoretical plates. The achieved purity of galacto-oligosaccharides in the raffinate stream was 99.9 %, similarly 99.9 % of extract was formed by non-prebiotic sugars lactose, glucose and galactose. The productivities in the raffinate and extract, were 0.6 g/(L h) and 2.4 g/(L h), respectively.

Open access

Katarzyna Wrzosek, Juraj Moravčík, Monika Antošová, Viera Illeová and Milan Polakovič

Abstract

Optimal conditions of spray drying of a fructooligosaccharide-rich mixture prepared by enzymatic conversion of sucrose were investigated. It was found that efficient drying of the mixture containing about 40 % of monosaccharides and sucrose required addition of a compound with a high glass transition temperature. The addition of maltodextrin helped to achieve satisfactory solids yield and moisture. Optimized process parameters were the feed flow rate and solids concentration, drying air flow rate and inlet temperature.

Open access

Ľubomír Činčala, Viera Illeová, Monika Antošová, Vladimír Štefuca and Milan Polakovič

Abstract

2(E)-hexenal is a green note flavour molecule that is widely used in various compositions of aromas, flavours and perfumery. As there is considerable demand for naturally produced aromas this article deals with some aspects of this C6-volatile production with regard to the selection of plant source material and reaction conditions. The following plants were tested for this purpose: runner bean (Phaseolus coccineus), common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), three (Capsicum annuum) bell pepper varieties, garden cress (Lepidium sativum), green slicing cucumber (Cucumis sativa), mung beans (Vigna mungo) and brown lentils (Lens culinaris). Selection of source material was considered on the basis of 2(E)-hexenal yield and productivity. The common bean leafs were able to produce up to 35 mg of 2(E)-hexenal/kg fresh leaves.