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Irina-Maria Gheorghiu, Loredana Mitran, M. Mitran, Magdalena Mironiuc-Cureu and Irina Maria Stoian

Abstract

The absence of upper definitive canine is relatively common in clinic. The edentulous area is problematic regarding the prosthetic treatment. In this study case it has been used a modern treatment by inserting a dental implant. This method has major advantages because is very conservative thinking the old prosthetic methods.

Open access

Cervical root resorption.

- case report -

Irina-Maria Gheorghiu, Loredana Mitran, Mihai Mitran and Irina Maria Stoian

Abstract

Cervical resorption is an inflammatory-mediated external resorption of the root, which can be seen after trauma and following internal bleaching techniques. It is initiated in the periodontal ligament, but the exact pathogenesis is not known. Once triggered the resorption phenomenon can lead to fracture and loss of the tooth

Open access

Pană D.P., Georgescu Carmen, Mitran M. and Mitran Loredana

ABSTRACT

Postpartum hemorrhages represent a major cause of maternal mortality everywhere in the world and in Romania obstetrical hemorrhages are directly incriminated in 47.85% from the cases reported between 1975 -2010. This retrospective study over a period of five years (2008 - 2012) includes the clinical-statistical analysis of postpartum hemorrhages (PPH) registered in “Prof. Dr. Panait Sîrbu” Clinical Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Bucharest. During the period under analysis there were 20204 births, out of which 13012 were vaginal and 7192 by caesarean section. There were 853 cases of postpartum hemorrhage with significant clinical manifestations, which required medical management, 4.22% of all births. In 459 cases there were reported hemorrhagic complications after caesarean section (6.368% of caesarean sections), representing 53.81% of postpartum hemorrhage. The severity of intra-operative and post-cesarean bleeding is due to its association to anesthetic risk, which is more important in cesarean, as well as to the associated pathology that indicated the caesarean section in the first place

Open access

Bărbuceanu Lucian-Codruț, Gheorghiu Irina-Maria, Mitran Loredana, M. Mitran, Iliescu Alexandru Andrei, Perlea Paula and Moraru Iren

Abstract

This article presents an important topic in the field of dental medicine. Reconstruction of the contact point in the lateral interdental area is obtained using a large number of type techniques, with different materials and instruments. The centripetal build up technique involves the initial restoration of the proximal absent wall, thus transforming the second-class cavity into a first-class cavity, followed by it’s restoration. This technique provide a correct, appropriate contact point and an easy restoration of the occlusal morphology.

Open access

Iliescu Alexandru-Andrei, Gheorghiu Irina-Maria, Tănase Mihaela, Iliescu Andrei, Mitran Loredana, M. Mitran and Perlea Paula

Abstract

The dentine-pulp complex response in deep caries is histological characterized by tertiary formation and mild chronic pulp inflammation. The quiescent primary odontoblasts are reactivated, laying down reactionary tertiary dentine. In more severe carious damage the primary odontoblasts die and reparative tertiary dentine is secreted by odontoblast-like cells, which are differentiated in adult teeth mainly from dental pulp stem cells DPSC. Though associated with reversible pulpitis DPSC still preserve in deep caries the capability of migration, proliferation and differentiation. Some common mechanisms of molecular signals involved in tertiary dentine formation might also explain the balance between inflammation and regeneration of dentine-pulp complex.

Open access

Paula Perlea, Irina-Maria Gheorghiu, C. G. Ciolan, Loredana Mitran, Sanziana Scarlatescu, Ruxandra Margarit and M. Mitran

Abstract

We are very often confronted in dental daily practice with the clinical situations where important loss of hard dental structure is present and direct restoration is required. In these cases, armed odontal direct restauration can be performed, using additional retention systems. The restoration of the coronal part in non-vital teeth has certain specific aspects and one of the most used endodontic anchorage is the metal threaded prefabricated posts. Current techniques and materials allow the dentist to fulfill all the clinical requirements, in terms of resistance to occlusal stress and the esthetic aspect of the restoration.

Open access

Gheorghiu Irina-Maria, Mitran Loredana, M. Mitran, Temelcea Anca-Nicoleta, Scarlatesc Sanziana, Calenic Bogdan and Perlea Paula

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vivo efficiency of endodontic treatment with calcium hydroxide in chronic apical periodontitis by determining the microbial load from the endodontic space in different stages of treatment. The microbiological determinations that have been made have led to the conclusion that calcium hydroxide possesses a redoubltable antimicrobial activity, but only with the condition of long-lasting contact with the root canals. Another important result is the essential role of the rigorous biomechanical treatment of the root canals, intracanal medication with calcium hydroxide is addresses mostly to microorganisms located in root canal ramifications.

Open access

Irina-Maria Gheorghiu, Loredana Mitran, M. Mitran, A. A. Iliescu, Sanziana Scarlatescu, Ioana Suciu and Paula Perlea

Abstract

This paper reviews the clinical aspects of dental caries in primary teeth. The specific aspects of carious processes in deciduous dentition are: the progress of dental caries quickly leads to pulp complications; the intake of hydrocabonate is high in children, and the presence of the bacterial dental plaque is favored, especially with in the conditions of poor oral hygiene in children; the lack of information and education of the parents regarding the importance of the dental carious treatment in temporary teeth often leads to the point of completely irecuperable tooth.

Open access

Gheorghiu Irina-Maria, Mitran Loredana, Mitran M., Mironiuc-Cureu Magdalena, Iliescu A. A. and Suciu Ioana

Abstract

Dental abfraction is a pathological process which causes a loss of dental hard substance. Etiopathogenesis is related to occlusal stress that causes microfractures in enamel and dentin in the cervical region. The restoration treatment is made using aesthetic adhesive materials, but must take into account the causal factors and the specific area where the restoration is done.

Open access

Irina-Maria Gheorghiu, Paula Perlea, Loredana Mitran, A. A. Iliescu, Sanziana Scarlatescu, Ioana Suciu and M. Mitran

Abstract

This article review specific clinical issues of the molar teeth, as well as the therapeutic approach of their pathology. The dental pathology we face in the group of molars is related to: dental caries, dental trauma (crown and crown-root fractures), dental wear phenomena. The therapeutic approach of the molar teeth is represented by: restoration of the loss of hard dental tissues; endodontic treatments of pulpal and periapical complications; surgical treatment. The restorative treatments in molars are: direct restorations, with or without supplementary anchorage for obturations; inlay, onlay; prosthetic crown.