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  • Author: Miroslav Valčić x
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Seroprevalence of Cat Leptospirosis in Belgrade (Serbia)

Abstract

With its epizootiological characteristics, the territory of the municipality of Belgrade city is a potentially important locality for the maintenance and spreading of a number of serovars of Leptospira interrogans. In order to evaluate the epizootiological situation as far as animal leptospirosis in the Belgrade region is concerned, from January 2012 until June 2013 the prevalence of cat leptospirosis has been evaluated. The standard microagglutination test (MAT) was used to determine animals sero positive to different serovars that belong to L. interrogans sensu lato complex. The antigens used were: Icterohaemorrhagiae, Grippotyphosa, Pomona, Canicola, Bratislava, Batavie, Sejroe, Pyrogenes, Australis and Autumnalis. Out of the total number of tested animals, there were 43 (26.7%) positive to one, two or three serovar(s). Out of a total of 43 positive sera 20 (46.5%) samples were positive to more than one leptospira serovar

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Classical Swine Fever: Active Immunisation of Piglets with Subunit (E2) Vaccine in the Presence of Different Levels of Colostral Immunity (China Strain)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of the subunit vaccine against virulent CSF infection in piglets deriving from sows vaccinated with China strain. The experimental research included 34 piglets aged 45 days (13 naïve and 21 piglets originating from sows immunized with China strain CSFV). Three experimental groups consisting of seven animals each were formed based on serological examination of piglets aged 40 days. At the age of 45 days, the piglets were vaccinated with a subunit vaccine. After revaccination, the piglets were challenged with a virulent CSFV strain. With the aim of controlling virus shedding, two susceptible piglets were introduced into each group. After challenge, clinical monitoring of animals was performed, and blood samples were obtained to detect viremia and the presence of antibodies against CSF. The control of CSFV shedding by vaccinated, artificially infected piglets was performed by RT-PCR analysis of oropharyngeal and rectal swabs. After death or sacrifice of the animals, autopsy was performed along with the gross pathological examination and tissue sampling with the purpose of determining the presence and distribution of CSFV (ELISA and RT-PCR). Application of the subunit vaccine in piglets originating from sows vaccinated with China-strain resulted in a good active immune response. Following challenge virus shedding was confirmed, but without contact infection in susceptible animals in cohabitation. The results indicate that the subunit vaccine may have a potential application in the control of CSF in enzootic regions.

Open access
Detection Of Equine Arteritis Virus In The Semen Of Stallions In The Republic Of Serbia

Abstract

The results on serological testing of blood sera from stallions and mares used for breeding and the presence of the viral genome of Equine Arteritis Virus (EAV) in stallion semen are presented. The blood and semen samples were taken from a horse stable on the territory of the Republic of Serbia during 2012, 2013 and 2014. Detection of anti-EAV specific antibodies in blood sera was performed by the virus neutralization test (VNT), and identification of EAV genome RNA in stallion semen was done by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In 2012, high seroprevalence of EAV was detected in the investigated stable. In total, 45% and 65 % of stallions and mares reacted positive, respectively, and the antibody titre values ranged between 2 and 10 log2. High seroprevalence was confirmed in the same animals again in 2013. Out of two stallions tested semen samples in 2013, the viral genome was detected by RT-PCR in 3 examined semen samples from a seropositive stallion, while EAV was not detected in 3 semen samples of a seronegative stallion. During 2014, 11 semen samples were collected from two seropositive stallions. Again, the presence of EAV was confirmed by RT-PCR in all 8 semen samples originating from the same stallion with the EAV genome positive semen result in 2013, whereas the virus was not detected in semen samples originating from the second anti-EAV antibody positive stallion. The presence of EAV-specific antibodies was confirmed in the blood sera of the mares inseminated with the semen of seropositive stallions in 2012 and 2013.

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Examining the Possibility of Detecting Brucella Canis from Tissue Samples Using Bruce-Ladder Multiplex PCR Assay

Abstract

The goal of this study was to compare the results of serological and conventional bacteriological methods with the results obtained using multiplex PCR Bruce-ladder assay. Based on the obtained results, the usability of the assay was assessed in regard to rapid diagnosis of canine brucellosis directly from the samples of reproductive organs of infected dogs. Out of 225 blood samples, 33 (14.67%) had a positive agglutination reaction. In this study, out of the 225 assayed reproductive organs of dogs, B. canis was isolated from 3 samples (1.33%), while the PCR Bruce-ladder assay detected two positive samples (0.88%). Two dogs from which B. canis was isolated, an antibody titer of 1/200 was established in blood serums, and third dog from which B. canis was isolated was negative using the tube agglutination test. From a total of 225 assayed organ samples, a positive PCR reaction was obtained from two samples. The obtained results show that the tube agglutination method remains the first choice for the detection of dogs infected with B. canis. In addition, whenever possible, it is necessary to try isolation. It is desirable to attempt the detection of B. canis in tissues using PCR, but the results may not be treated as definitive and reliable.

Open access
Seroprevalence of Ehrlichia Canis Infection in Stray Dogs from Serbia

Abstract

Canine Monocytic Ehrlichiosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease with worldwide distribution. With regards to the population of stray dogs, the disease is facilitated due to their lifestyle and the lack of anti-parasitic protection. The aim of this study was to provide serological data on the presence of a specific Ehrlichia canis IgG antibodies in stray dogs, originating from 7 municipalities in Serbia. During the period from April 2013 to June 2014, 217 canine sera were submitted to the laboratory of the Department of Infectious Diseases of Animals and Bees, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Belgrade. An immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT) was performed to detect antibodies to Ehrlichia canis (cut off, 1:50). Seropositive dogs were found in 5 out of 7 counties with a seroprevalence varying from 3.57% to 20% and an overall seroprevalence of 11.06% (24/217). There was no statistically significant difference between the prevalence of infection and the host age or gender. Results showed that stray dogs contribute to maintaining and spreading of Ehrlichia canis in Serbia. Due to the close relationship between people and dogs, it is of great importance to constantly monitor and improve prevention of this disease.

Open access