Report on Self-Evaluation of the Faculty of Medicine in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia (2001-2002)
Background. The self-evaluation is a process that provides a realistic reflection on the work and perspectives of a higher level educational institution, such as the Faculty of Medicine in Skopje. Thus, it is necessary to identify the positive and especially the negative elements of the overall functioning of the organization in order to suggest measures and professional staff to accomplish them.
Aim. The aim of this paper is to present the results of the first self-evaluation of the Faculty of Medicine at the University "Ss Kiril and Metodij" in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia (2001-2002) in order to be a model for future activities.
Material and methods. The process of self-evaluation was realized as follows: i) formation of working groups for separate segments of the self-evaluation process; ii) giving instructions to the Chiefs of the Cathedras and the administrative personnel of Cathedras on the process of collecting data; iii) discussions with the Chiefs of the Cathedras about the self-evaluation process; iv) preparation of the questionnaire; v) preparation of the interview based on previously prepared questionnaire; vi) interview with the Dean and the Vice-Deans of the Faculty of Medicine; vii) collecting of data from the Administration services of the Dean's Office; viii) checking and completion of the data; ix) development of a computer database; x) preparation of the first version of the Self-evaluation Report; and xi) final discussions and completing the Final Report.
Results. The Committee prepared a Self-evaluation Report and after a thorough discussion (for three months) they completed the final version.
Conclusions. The self-evaluation process and the evaluation of the Report for the first time presented the Faculty of Medicine in Skopje from all aspects of an higher level educational institution.
Macedonian Biomedical Scientists Are Not Adequately Represented in BiomedExperts Database
Aim. The aim of this study was to analyze publication activity of Macedonian biomedical scientists reported in BioMedExperts and to propose improvements and corrections in order to present Macedonian science more objectively.
Material and methods. For this investigation BiomedExperts database was searched for scientific experts in a total of 145 countries, as well as scientific profiles originating from Republic of Macedonia (June 17, 2008). Affiliation in Macedonia concerned number and %, first authors, middle authors, last authors and coauthors were analyzed.
Results. Macedonian authors with 410 papers contribute with 0.006% in the BiomedExperts. All neighboring countries, except Albania (0.001%), have higher percentage of scientific papers in BiomedExperts: Greece (0.468%), Serbia (0.111%), and Bulgaria (0.092%). We can see that only 54 scientists are presented under the name of Republic of Macedonia. They published 825 scientific papers, from which 580 are affiliated with the Republic of Macedonia (70.3%). Most of the Macedonian biomedical scientific authors (7.50) are middle authors, much less are first authors (4.06) and the rest of the authors are last authors (3.72). Macedonian biomedical scientists in average have 14.69 co-authors in their scientific papers.
Conclusion. Macedonian biomedical scientists are not adequately represented in BiomedExperts database and scientists are encouraged to register, log in, and correct personal profiles.
Country Rank, Journal Rank and H-Index in the Field of Medicine in the Republic of Macedonia (1996-2008) Using Data from SCImago
Aim. The aim of this study was to present the country rank, journal rank and H-index in the field of medicine in the Republic of Macedonia (1996-2008) using data from SCImago Journal & Country Rank (SCImago).
Material and Methods.SCImago database was used for analysis of country rank, journal rank and H-index in the Republic of Macedonia and other former Yugoslav countries (Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro) for the period of 1996-2008, as they are presented in the Scopus database.
Results. Of a total number of 222 countries for the period of 1996-2008, the Republic of Macedonia with H-index of 20 is placed on the 118th position of the country rank, the percentage of citable documents in the field of medicine is 88.92%, and the percentage of relative production of documents in the world is below 0.01. In 2008, Macedonian biomedical journal Prilozi is ranked on the 2484th place with 0.048 SJR of citable documents in the last three years. The biggest H-index of 10, for the period between 2007 and 2008, in the Republic of Macedonia had nephrology subject category, followed by medicine (miscellaneous) with H-index of 7, haematology and endocrinology, diabetes and metabolism with H-index of 6, transplantation, oncology and pathology and forensic medicine with H-index of 5.
Conclusion. There is only one Macedonian biomedical journal (Prilozi, Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Section of Biological and Medical Sciences) included in the Scopus database for the period between 1996 and 2008, probably by mistake in the list of journals from Serbia, instead from the Republic of Macedonia. The priority task of the Editorial Boards of other Macedonian medical journals is to include their journals in the Scopus database.
Current Scientific Impact of the Institutes, Faculty of Medicine, University "Ss Kiril and Metodij", Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
Background. Institutes at the Faculty of Medicine in the Republic of Macedonia are constitutive parts with integrated educational, scientific and health care protection activities. They are included in all educational programs with around 50% of theoretical and practical lectures, and are included in the health care protection in the ambulatory-polyclinic activities.
Aim. The aim of this study was to investigate current scientific impact of the academic staff employed at the Institutes, Faculty of Medicine, University "Ss Kiril and Metodij", Skopje, Republic of Macedonia and to suggest more effective and productive activities of the affiliated scientists to these institutions.
Material and methods. Twelve institutes at the Faculty of Medicine in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia with 140 authors were analysed with Harzing's Publish or Perish software for their current scientific impact (August, 2009).
Results. There is a total number of 348 published papers with 473 citations by the academic staff employed at the Institutes. Current scientific impact of the Institutes at the Faculty of Medicine, University "Ss Kiril and Metodij", Skopje, Republic of Macedonia is very heterogeneous - with higher, intermediate and low scientific rate.
Conclusion. The institutes with higher scientific impact are: Institute of Medical, Experimental and Applied Physiology with Anthropology; Institute of Immunobiology and Human Genetics; and Institute of Medical and Experimental Biochemistry.
Déjà vu - A Report of Highly Similar Citations in the Biomedical Scientific Literature from the Republic of Macedonia
Background. Plagiarism and repeated publications of the same data are considered unacceptable practices, but they are not recognized and sanctioned in Macedonian biomedical journals.
Aim. The aim of this report was to search highly similar citation in scientific literature from the Republic of Macedonia, to suggest verification of the papers, and to educate authors for the need of implementation of ethical standards in publication.
Material and methods. We analyzed Déjà vu content by category, statistics by countries, and searched Déjà vu database to identify highly similar citation pairs (entries) from Republic of Macedonia (March 24, 2009).
Results. Ten (10) computationally identified highly similar citation pairs are identified from Macedonia written in English (except ID 35293 with earlier article in Macedonian, and ID 71031 with later article in Serbo-Croatian). Six highly similar citation pairs share author and four did not share author. All highly similar citations from Macedonia are unverified. One of the highly similar citation pair published update of the investigation, four are from the same author with very similar or identical results, one published results in two different groups of patients, and four published very similar content of the abstracts, but with different authors. Most of the highly similar citation pairs (3/10) from Macedonian biomedical scientists are published in Prilozi (MANU, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia).
Conclusion. Macedonian biomedical journals should verify highly similar citation pairs and take appropriate ethical actions for solving them.
Aim: To analyse current ranking (2013) of institutions, journals and researchers in the Republic of Macedonia.
Material and Methods: the country rankings of R. Macedonia were analyzed with SCImago Country & Journal Rank (SJR) for subject area Medicine in the years 1996-2013, and ordered by H-index. SCImago Institutions Rankings for 2013 was used for the scientific impact of biomedical institutions in the Republic of Macedonia. Journal metrics from Elsevier for the Macedonian scholarly journals for the period 2009-2013 were performed. Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP), the Impact per Publication (IPP), and SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) were analysed. Macedonian scholarly biomedical journals included in Google Scholar metrics (2013, 2012) were analysed with h5-index and h5-median (June 2014). A semantic analysis of the PubMed database was performed with GoPubMed on November 2, 2014 in order to identify published papers from the field of biomedical sciences affiliated with the country of Macedonia. Harzing's Publish or Perish software was used for author impact analysis and the calculation of the Hirsh-index based on Google Scholar query.
Results: The rank of subject area Medicine of R. Macedonia according to the SCImago Journal & Country Rank (SJR) is 110th in the world and 17th in Eastern Europe. Of 20 universities in Macedonia, only Ss Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, and the University St Clement of Ohrid, Bitola, are listed in the SCImago Institutions Rankings (SIR) for 2013. A very small number of Macedonian scholarly journals is included in Web of Sciences (2), PubMed (1), PubMed Central (1), SCOPUS (6), SCImago (6), and Google Scholar metrics (6). The rank of Hirsh index (h-index) was different from the rank of number of abstracts indexed in PubMed for the top 20 authors from R. Macedonia.
Conclusion: The current biomedical scientific impact (2013) of institutions, academic journals and researchers in R. Macedonia is very low. There is an urgent need for organized measures to improve the quality and output of institutions, scholarly journals, and researchers in R. Macedonia in order to achieve higher international standards.
Who is Who - Current Scientific Impact of the Medical Staff Affiliated at the Institutes, Faculty of Medicine, University "Ss Kiril and Metodij", Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
Aim. The aim of this study was to investigate current individual scientific impact of the academic staff employed at the Institutes, Faculty of Medicine, University "Ss Kiril and Metodij", Skopje, Republic of Macedonia and to create a list of Top Ten Scientists.
Material and methods. One hundred thirty nine members of the academic staff employed at the institutes, Faculty of Medicine in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia were analysed with Harzing's Publish or Perish software for their current individual scientific impact (October, 2009).
Results. Gordana Petrushevska from the Institute of Pathology is on the first place of Top Ten Scientists list, Aleksandar Petlichkovski from the Institute of Immunobiology and Human Genetics is on the second place, Dragica Zendelovska from the Institute of Preclinical and Clinical Pharmacology with Toxicology is on the third place, Ljudmila Efremovska from the Institute of Medical and Applied Physiology is on the fourth place. Fifth place on the Top Ten Scientists list belongs to Mirko Spiroski from the Institute of Immunobiology and Human Genetics, the sixth place to Ljiljana Bozhinovska from the Institute of Medical and Applied Physiology, the seventh place to Sloboda Dzhekova-Stojkova from the Institute of Medical, Experimental and Applied Biochemistry, the eight place to Dejan Trajkov from the Institute of Immunobiology and Human Genetics, and the ninth and the tenth places share Emilija Janevic-Ivanovska from the Institute of Pathophysiology and Nuclear Medicine and Doncho Donev from the Institute of Social Sciences.
Conclusion. The Top Ten Scientists list comprising only members from the Institutes of the Faculty of Medicine has three members from the Institute of Immunobiology and Human Genetics, two members from the Institute of Medical, Experimental and Applied Physiology with Anthropology, and one member from each of the Institute of Pathology, Institute of Preclinical and Clinical Pharmacology with Toxicology, Institute of Medical, Experimental and Applied Biochemistry, Institute of Pathophysiology and Nuclear Medicine, and Institute of Social Sciences.
Retraction: Ana Strezova. Genotyping of HLA-A, HLA-C and HLA-B Loci with Reverse Line Strip Hybridization in Macedonian Population and Association of HLA Class I Alleles with Spondilitis [MSc thesis]
Aim. The aim of this report is to retract the results of Ana Strezova submitted without permission of her mentor and her institution for Master of Science (MSc) degree at the Faculty of Medicine, University "Ss Cyril and Methodius", Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
Material and Methods. Two populations were published from the same cohort: i) in the 15th International Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics Workshop 250 samples for HLA-A, 247 samples for HLA-B, 250 samples for HLA-C, 564 samples for HLA-DRB1, and 213 samples for HLA-DQB1 were included; and ii) in retracted MSc degree 250 samples for HLA-A, HLA-B and HLA-C were included.
Results. HLA DNA typing results from Macedonian population were officially submitted for analysis and publication to the 15th International Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics Workshop (IHIWS). Results were prepared and submitted for publication in Tissue Antigens (received 7 July 2009; revised 12 January 2010; accepted 1 February 2010). Ana Strezova without permission of her mentor and director of the Institute of Immunobiology and Human Genetics submitted MSc thesis for defence with the identical results as in submitted manuscript. A total number of 5 HLA genes and 220 alleles are published by the 15th International Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics Workshop in comparison with 3 HLA genes and 58 alleles in retracted MSc thesis.
Conclusion. The results of the MSc thesis of Ana Strezova with the title "Genotyping of HLA-A, HLA-C and HLA-B Loci with Reverse Line Strip Hybridization in Macedonian Population and Association of HLA Class I Alleles with Spondilitis" are retracted because: i) the content was already submitted for publication; ii) the statistical methods are inappropriate for ambiguous resolution of the data; and iii) the permission was not allowed by her mentor and director. Editors-in-Chief and employers are advised to be aware of possible acceptance of this thesis and the results submitted in the future for publication.
Macedonian Medical Journals Have Very Limited Scientific Influence
Aim. The aim of this report was to evaluate the Macedonian medical journals for their scientific influence according to the internationally recognized citation metrics indexes.
Material and methods. Macedonian medical journals were analyzed, and eight of them fulfilled criteria for more detailed study of their scientific influence. Citation metrics indexes h-index, g-index, hc-index, hl-index, and hl, norm were performed using Publish or Perish, a software that retrieves and analyses academic citations. Macedonian medical journals were then compared to the Croat Med J.
Results. Only three Macedonian medical journals were indexed in Medline/PubMed (Maked Med Pregl, God zb Med fak Skopje, and Prilozi) and only one is indexed in Index Copernicus (Maced J Med Sci). Most of Macedonian medical journals are not members of the international organizations and do not follow international standards for scientific publications. All Macedonian medical journals have 5 to 10 times smaller citation metrics indexes (h-index, g-index, hc-index, hI-index, and hI, norm) if compared with Croat Med J. There are not big differences in citation metrics indexes between Macedonian medical journals.
Conclusion. Macedonian medical journals have very limited scientific influence and their Editorial Boards are obliged to improve quality of their published manuscripts, and to adhere to international standards for scientific journals, which will result in their greater visibility and scientific influence.