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Open access

Michal Hlavatý, Ladislav Starek, Miloš Musil and Branislav Hučko

Abstract

This article discusses the application of so-called ultrasonic quasi-Rayleigh waves to detect surface defects of mechanical constructions, namely plate structures. The application of quasi-Rayleigh waves allows the extension of the scope of detection using conventional ultrasonic methods that are based on bulk waves. This extension means larger distances as well as higher sensitivity of the detection of surface defects such as fatigue or corrosion cracks. An advantage of this method is the transfer of wave energy from one side of a plate to another, which helps to overcome one-sided obstacles (such as cross-pieces, reinforcement elements). The article describes characteristic properties of quasi-Rayleigh waves that are important for the proper (in terms of frequency in particular) design of the excitation of waves towards the structure. FEM simulation results then provide information regarding the sensitivity of the wave response to the presence and sizes of surface defects (perpendicular slots) in an isotropic material with the properties of steel. The theoretical knowledge is set against experimental measurements obtained with the use of a steel plate with cross-pieces welded to it.

Open access

Ferdinand Havelka and Miloš Musil

Abstract

Vehicle suspension optimization for various road classes travelled at different velocities is performed. Road excitation is modeled using a first order shaping filter. A half-car model is adopted to simulate the vehicle’s vertical dynamics. The excitation time delay between the rear and the front tire is modeled using Pade approximation. Suspension parameters are optimized using a random search method with respect to “comfort” and “sporty driving” considering the design constraints of the suspension and road holding and maximum suspension travel constraints. Optimal suspension parameters suitable for various road classes and vehicle velocities have been chosen.

Open access

Miloš Musil and Ondrej Chlebo

Abstract

A common occurrence in engineering practice is undesirable levels of vibration in the structures of machinery, which decrease their functionality, safety, reliability and service life. Current trends in the dynamic operation of machinery inherently generate such undesirable effects. That is to say, increasing the operational capacity of a machine (higher speeds, higher loads, more changes in operational regimes, etc...) is financially counterproductive to any desired savings in the material/technological realization of such structures. One possible approach to modify the dynamic properties of the structure is through modal synthesis. This approach combines the modal properties of the real structure obtained through measurements with the modal properties of additional components obtained computationally. This approach is particularly effective if the computational model of the built structure is incorrect.

Open access

Michal Čekan and Miloš Musil

Abstract

Understanding gait parameters of patients with limited mobility help specialists monitor, predict, and even control the progression of patient specific pathologies. Accurately determining gait parameters such as joint range of motion (ROM) often involves expensive equipment that typically requires a clinical setting and specially trained personnel. Added to this limitation is the psychological effects of patients that are required to perform in a clinical setting, which may not always reflect their actual day to day gait. The presented article implements accelerometers and gyroscopes, also known as inertial measuring units (IMU), mounted at key anatomical locations of the lower limbs to determine knee ROM. Measurements were performed in tandem with optical motion capture (OMC) which is considered the gold standard for gait analysis. The results show that IMU’s have comparable accuracy to OMC measurements providing an economical alternative to expensive clinical gait analysis that is not restricted to a clinical setting.

Open access

Úradníček Juraj, Miloš Musil and Michal Bachratý

Abstract

The paper describes role of non-proportional damping in flutter type instability, demonstrated on simplified disc brake model. The discrete two degrees of freedom system is considered to imply damping induced instability through a system eigenvalues evaluation. The Frequency Response Function (FRF) is further calculated from measurements on the physical disc brake model. From FRF, damping properties are estimated and discussed. Several different loading states of the pad versus disc are considered to show loading impact on FRF and thus damping of the system.

Open access

Pavel Kraus, Juraj Úradníček, Miloš Musil and Michal Bachratý

Abstract

The evaluation of disk brake squeal is nowadays performed using Finite Element Model. In this standard procedure the thermal effects are omitted. The omission is done because of long computing time of fully coupled brake system thermo-structural transient analysis. This paper is presenting an effective uncoupled thermo-structural FEM procedure. This method is applied on a pin-on-disc system and its time effectiveness is compared to standard full coupled transient analysis.

Open access

Martin Sivý and Miloš Musil

Abstract

Large capacity tanks storing various liquids are important components in distribution and transmission systems. During operation tanks can be subjected to different types of loading. Therefore, maximum attention must be paid to the tank design to capture all possible causes and forms of failures. The article deals with the procedure for seismic resistance of liquid storage tanks which are in accordance with the principles of Eurocode 8 standard. The seismic analysis is performed on flexible (steel) circular vertical ground-supported model of tank containing liquid (water). The main aim is to determine basic seismic characteristics, distributions of hydrodynamic pressure, dynamic properties and response of investigated tank-liquid system subjected to earthquake excitation (El Centro). Seismic analysis and results comparison are carried out on mechanical spring-mass model (Eurocode 8) and finite element model (ANSYS).

Open access

Tomáš Kováč, František Horvát, Branislav Hučko, Roland Jančo and Miloš Musil

Abstract

This article is devoted to the comparison of the influence of the piezoelectric matrix properties on the magnitude of the resulting charge when a thin piezoelectric membrane of circular cross section, made from aluminium gallium nitride (Al-GaN), is loaded. The size of change of the electric charge was determined by the numerical analysis and the by the change of the properties of the piezoelectric matrix. The matrix constants were obtained from various sources introduced in world databases.

Open access

Juraj Úradníček, Pavel Kraus, Miloš Musil and Michal Bachratý

Abstract

Paper describes the mechanism of vibration of a minimal automotive disc brake model which can lead to unwanted effects known as brake Noise Vibrations and Harshness (NVH). Stick-slip frictional effects are mathematically described by simplification of physical assumptions. Self-excited vibrations due to stick-slip and also stability conditions are defined using a 1 degree of freedom mechanical system. Non-Coulomb nonlinear behavior of the friction force with negative slope is considered. Response is obtained by the numerical solution of ordinary differential equation.