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  • Author: Milica Dima x
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Dynamics of tubers' accumulation and the nutritional quality of the potatoes cultivated on the sandy soils from the south plain area from Romania

ABSTRACT

- Potato production is very high performing culture, but also very demanding environmental conditions (climatic) and technological (fertilization, protection). Potato yields are influenced by a complex of biological factors, environmental and technological. The strongest factor limiting production is drought period from May to September, when training and intense accumulation of tubers that occurs with great frequency in all areas of the country's culture. Potato varieties tested in 2008-2010 to the Research-Development Station for the Culture of the Plants on the Sandys Soils Dăbuleni, Dolj County, Romania, regarding the dynamics of accumulation in tubers showed that the variety is an important factor in culture technology. Choosing the right variety of potato crop leads to success. To highlight the ability of potato cultivars to accumulate as early substances in tuber harvesting were done at 45 days of vegetation at 55 days after physiological maturity vegetation and potato plants. Production of tubers in the trade conditions of the area by plain ranged greatly depending on the variety grown and harvest time. Determinations on quantitative accumulation and nutritional quality of potato tubers were performed according to the variety and amount of fertilizer applied to sandy soils in climatic conditions in southern of Oltenia.

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Research on Obtaining Biological Planting Material for Sweet Potatoes under Conditions in Romania

Abstract

Sweet potato Ipomoea batatas (L) Lam is a drought resistant species with vigorous growth and high productivity adapted to the conditions of sandy soils (Iamandei Maria et al., 2014, Diaconu Aurelia et al., 2016). In terms of Romania, sweet potato are reproduces by shoots obtained under solar. In this respect, the research carried out at CCDCPN Dabuleni between 2016-2017 aimed at obtaining sweet potato shoots in a trifactorial experience, as follows: Factor A - Planting time in the solar (15 March, 25 March), Factor B - Variety (KSP 1 and KSC 1), Factor C - Diameter of tubers (2, 3, 4 cm). The results obtained on the monitoring of solar microclimate influence on growth and development of sweet potato shoots and plant physiological processes (photosynthesis, perspiration, chlorophyll content) underline the importance of the planting period and the quality of the biological material planted in the solar. Observations and determinations of growth rate they have a slow pace in April, when climatic factors have fluctuated greatly from night to day, which increased in the first decade of May, when the shoots saw the optimal planting size of 35-40 cm. The best results were obtained by planting in the solar on March 25, using tuberous roots 3-4 cm in diameter, when there was an intense physiological activity and a large number of shoots on the tuber (9.125-9.980 shoots).

Open access