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René Wokoun and Milan Viturka

Abstract

The major aim of the paper is to summarize the main paths of regional development in the Czech Republic during the period of political, economical and societal transition using the statistical data and own survey at the country level. Following this summary, we aim at differentiation of regional developmental paths at individual hierarchical levels. Our analyses shows that structured assessment of quality of socio-economic environment at the regional respectively meso-regional level provides the necessary information needed for creation and implementation of effectively decentralized regional policy.

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Milan Viturka, Vladimír Žítek, Viktorie Klímová and Petr Tonev

Regional Analysis of New EU Member States in the Context of Cohesion Policy

The paper concentrates on the new European Union member states, i.e. the states of central and eastern Europe which entered the Union in 2004 (Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Slovenia) and 2007 (Bulgaria and Romania). The basis of the paper is the evaluation of the cohesion policy in the countries in question, which are then analysed at the level of NUTS 2 regions (cohesion regions). The aim of the socioeconomic analysis is to assess the economic level of the regions and to use the results to form their typology. Ten characteristic indicators were chosen so that the study was as complex as possible. For each indicator in the examined countries the average was calculated, which allowed for a considerable increase of the information relevance of the study conclusions. For the cartographic representation of the regional differentiation intervals based on this average and the standard deviation were used. The final part of the study presents a concluding synthesis together with the above-mentioned typology of the regions. The results are interpreted in the context of the optimal strategy selection for the regional policy determined by the EU cohesion policy.

Open access

Viktorie Klímová, Vladimír Žítek and Milan Viturka

Abstract

The history of the International Colloquium on Regional Sciences reaches back to 1998. Over the years, its format has dramatically changed and the Colloquium has become a respected event, which attracts dozens of experts from the field of regional research every year. The contributions focus on the issue of regional disparities, the impact of the public administration activities, the evaluation of the economic, innovation and knowledge potentials of regions, as well as spatial aspects of transport, tourism, population, business environment, and the environment as such. The critical discussions have successfully led to consensus concerning the complex and often long-term problems in the economy of regions. Additionally, the assessment of the impacts of public policies, in particular regional development programmes, is significant. Participants' contributions not only enrich the practice, but many of them considerably extend the theoretical foundations of regional sciences. The Colloquium is also a platform for the creation and development of the links between researchers and academic institutions. All of this represents a significant potential for future years of this event.