Planning the extent of transport services within a selected territory is a topical issue especially in the context of developing integrated transport systems. The objective of this research study is to design a sustainable system of public passenger transport that would be an alternative to expanding individual transport. The implementation of a quality and efficient transport service is a relatively complex process, since, currently, there are no generally applicable principles for its design. This manuscript presents general results of research aimed at solving the problem of transport service within a selected territory issue with a focus on rail transport as an efficient transport system representing a backbone of a transport system. The subject of the investigation is to compile a set of factors affecting the design of the transport concept. The output of the manuscript consists in a proposal of a generally applicable procedure including a calculation of transport potential and characteristics of the inputs. Subsequently, based on the resulting values, it will be possible to determine the extent of the transport services provided by rail transport in any territory, which will contribute to a more efficient and high quality theoretical graph of train running.
An effective functioning of logistic chains through the use of intermodal transport inevitably necessitates elimination of potential constraints, which have a negative impact on the logistic chains implementation. The objective of the contribution is the analysis, definition as well as classification of constraints related to the logistic chains in the intermodal transport, which should enable to compare levels of constraints in different alternatives of the logistic chain implementation. Based on the comparison of the restriction levels, it is possible to select a more convenient way of the logistic chain implementation. The defined relevant constraints are assessed using scientific methods. These identified constraints have formed the basis for establishing a methodology, which enables to determine weights of constraints as well as to compare their levels on the basis of specific needs of entities.
The development of the transport sector is a long-term and continual process. This leads to a gradual increase in economic performance, economic growth and a deeper integration of the EU countries into the global economic structures. This contribution is focused on the problem of usage of the east – west corridors for the freight transport in transit. There are proposed for the new transport connections between China and Europe. The aim of the new connections is speed up of transport process of good flows. When proposing new corridor routes and new options for interconnection of the European rail network, basic deterministic methods of network analysis - the critical path method of the CPM and the CCM critical chain can be used. The aim is also to offer new options for development of rail transportation.
Increasing population mobility and current trend of creating integrated passenger transport systems are opportunities for finding new possibilities to rationalization the railway passenger transport on those lines, where are no passenger trains or where the traffic service is not optimal nowadays. Precondition of reinstating the railway passenger transport is thorough potential passenger analysis, where there are actual geographic, demographic and transport characteristics of the region, where this line is situated. The contribution describes the passenger transport system, timetables rationalization and standards of traffic service in rail passenger transport. Consequently, according to these outputs and demographic and transport characteristic was proposed the rationalization of traffic service at Zvolen – Šahy transport route.
At present, high traffic intensity level on the roads currently saturates a great demand for individual transportation. Mobility is an important part of everyday activities in cities. The increasing number of passenger and freight vehicles on the widening transport infrastructure raises several problems. The range of use of public passenger transport does satisfy enough the citizens needs and its use is constantly decreasing, especially in the new EU countries. One of the reasons is also the growing sale and production of new passenger cars in the EU, resulting in congestion in the road infrastructure of cities and environmental problems. These issues are dealt with the modern City Logistics concept. The contribution focused on the basic principles of city logistics, the reasons for its development and, in particular, the possibilities of practical use. An example is the city of Trenčín in Slovakia, where a regional rail passenger transport is proposed for city traffic service including Park and Ride system.