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Mihails Savrasovs

Traffic Flow Simulation on Discrete Rate Approach Base

The classical scientific literature dedicated to transport modelling has emphasised three levels of detail on which traffic models could be created. These levels are: microlevel, mesolevel and macroscopic level. Microscopic and macroscopic modelling are well known and widely used. The term ‘mesoscopic modelling’ has been interpreted by different scientists in different ways. In general, mesoscopic traffic flow models are understood to be models where traffic flow is described with a high level of detail, but at the same time flow behaviour and flow interactions are presented with a low level of description. The previously proposed new simulation approach (called ‘mesoscopic simulation’) was applied to traffic flow simulation. All the described models were implemented using Microsoft Excel and VBA. However, the practical application concerns that to construct more sophisticated models Microsoft Excel and VBA could not be used, because of programming complexity.

The main goal of this paper is to present examples of the application of the discrete rate approach of ExtendSim simulation software for traffic flow simulation. A literature survey has shown that the discrete rate approach is mainly used in logistics, but not in the area of transport area. So the tasks of this paper are to present the main techniques of model implementation using a discrete rate approach and to apply this approach to traffic flow simulation.

Open access

Irina Yatskiv, Irina Pticina and Mihails Savrasovs

Urban Public Transport System's Reliability Estimation Using Microscopic Simulation

In the article the procedure of the reliability measures estimation for one route of the public transport network on the basis of a traffic flow modelling is suggested. A definition of UPTS reliability is based on the analysis of the Travel Time Reliability, Arrival Time Reliability and Probability of arriving to the stops with delay no more than m minutes. The approach is applied to the real task of the reliability estimation for Riga city public transport route. The microscopic model of transport network fragment is used for it.

Open access

Mihails Savrasovs, Irina Pticina, Valery Zemlyanikin and Ioannis Karakikes

Abstract

The current paper aim is to present the technique of demand data modelling for microscopic simulation of the traffic flows. Traffic microscopic simulation is a powerful decision supporting tool, which could be applied for a wide range of tasks. In a past microscopic traffic simulation was used to test local changes in transport infrastructure, but the growth of computers performance allows now to simulate wide-scale fragments of the traffic network and to apply more advanced traffic flow simulation approaches, like an example dynamic assignment (DA). The results, obtained in the frame of this research are part of the project completed for one of the shopping malls (Riga, Latvia). The goal of the project was to evaluate different development scenarios of the transport network to raise the accessibility of the shopping mall. The number of practical issues in the frame of this project pushed to develop a new technique to model the demand data for the simulation model. As a traffic flow simulation tool, the PTV VISSIM simulation software was applied. The developed model was based on dynamic assignment approach. To complete the simulation the demand data was represented in two forms: 1) OD matrix for regular traffic in the transport network; 2) trip-chain file for a description of the pass-by and targeted trips.

Open access

Igor Kabashkin, Irina Yatskiv and Mihails Savrasovs

Abstract

The paper represents Transport and Telecommunication Institute research programme for period of time 2016-2020. Developed research programme should insure sustainable development of TTI as research institution and should raise research capabilities of the organization by planning and further implementation of the collaboration activities with national and international partners. The analyses of main technology development in the area of TTI research activities, framework for development of research programme, the structure of key TTI strategies and main directions of TTI research activities are described in the paper sides.

Open access

Ioannis Karakikes, Wladimir Hofmann, Lambros Mitropoulos and Mihails Savrasovs

Abstract

Simulation modelling tools have been widely adopted for the evaluation of alternatives in transport planning, management and logistics. The complexity that underlies in transport systems and logistics necessitate the integration of different models that are capable of overcoming limitations that may exist individually to each model. Towards this direction, this paper aims to integrate two simulation software and use the integrated model for the evaluation of traffic and logistics measures in the wider area of Volos Port, Greece. The built model is able to simulate the traffic conditions on a transport network along with port’s intra-logistics processes and is used to evaluate a set of measures in the year 2030, by comparing it with the situation in the year 2030 without having implemented any new measure. For the evaluation, a set of indicators is used to gauge the environmental and transport impacts. The analysis is completed by using a multi-criteria decision making tool to generate the Logistics Sustainability Index (LSI) to summarize the information that is provided by the indicators. The results show that the use of integrated simulation models can provide a holistic impact evaluation of complex decisions with a high level of accuracy.