The Siret River are used as raw water source for different municipal water supply systems, yet the Siret River are used as receiving bodies by some inhabitants and industry. In the study the quality of the Siret River water was determinate using a Water Quality Index (WQI). Results are presented from a field study performed on the Bistrita, Moldova, Suceava, Siret, Şomuzu Mare, Trotuş and Tributary River in the study area Siret Basin Romania. The main objective of this study was to determine is to find correlations land use to indicators physical-chemical of water quality, to investigate pollution source is more responsible for river water quality. This is of interest not only research context, but also for supporting and facilitating the application analysis postullend in the Water Framework Directive (WFD) (2000/60/CE) for the establishment of programmers of measures. For this purpose a slightly impact pollution source municipal wastewater treatment, land uses, urban, forest, agriculture and mining was selected and intensively monitored during six years January 2006 - December 2011, sampling was determined to meet the WFD standards for confidence in twenty two different control section of the Siret Basin. The main measures to reduce emissions to the Siret River were calcium, ammonium, sulfate, residue fixed (RF), sodium, chloride, free detergent and municipal wastewater treatment, concentrated on point emission. The main contributor to diffuse this parameters increased when more percentage of land was dedicated to industry and urban and less to forest and mining.
Mihail Luca, Mihaela Avram, Alexandru-Lucian Luca and Ştefania Chirica
The paper presents the studies and researches on the natural and anthropic risk parameters on the Moldova riverbed in the Soci area, Iasi County. In this area are located hydrotechnical structures for regulation of the riverbed and shore defence for the protection of the undercrossing of the Timisesti-Iasi adduction pipeline. The theoretical study analyzed hydrological risk parameters (especially liquid and solid flows) recorded over the last 30 years. High flow rates have a high hydroclimatic risk for bed and river construction. Anthropogenic risk parameters were manifested in the morphological modification of the minor riverbed of the Moldova River. An important anthropogenic risk is the uncontrolled exploitation of the ballast in the bed and river banks of Moldova. The effects of this risk contributed to the descent of the bed of the bed at an accelerated pace, along with the erosion of the banks. The accumulation of the effects caused by the natural and the anthropic risks led to important morphological changes in the riverbed of Moldova. These modifications have altered the safety state of the construction of the undercrossing of the Timisesti-Iasi adduction pipeline. The result of the hydrological and also human actions was the degradation of the pipelines until their rupture.
Iustina Lateș, Alexandru-Lucian Luca, Ștefania Chirica and Mihail Luca
The work involves the realization of a GIS model that includes both information on real estate cadastre and water supply networks. This shows the stages of making such a model, starting from field measurements, to structuring the database and custom layouts. In the study, the distribution pipelines equipped with fire hydrants and the existing building types in the area were considered as the main elements. Buildings were classified according to importance, height, destination, mapping indexes, etc. and have been integrated into the GIS model. GIS programs aim at specifying as much as possible the textual data attached to perform complex analyzes. Autocad and ArcMap programs allow you to get thematic maps on building types, pipeline network analysis on which hydrants are located, and how to protect firewalls. The study model was developed only for a sector in the city of Iaşi, but it can be extended to an application that can be used in other urban areas for the purpose of being used by the water-channel directorate, the intervention teams, the public administration local, etc.
The paper presents an analysis of the high hydrological risk phenomena formed in the hydrographic basin of the Trotuş River in the last period of time. The Trotuş River and the tributaries are monitored by 21 hydrometric stations. Precipitation volume processing indicated a number of risk factors that have prevailed over the last 20 years. The hydrological data processing revealed the presence of several flood flows in the same year. The effects of the floods have materialized through the excessive degradation of river bedside regulation and shore defence works. The floods of the past 25 years have resulted in the destruction of a large number of economic and social objectives in the Trotuş River area, as well as human losses. Parameters of hydroclimatic risk highlighted by research are represented by torrential precipitations, floods with high probability, high frequency of high-flow flows, formation of high erosion velocities of the bed, etc. Parameters of hydroclimatic risk impose special conditions for the design of river regularization and shore defence.
The paper presents an analysis of the hydrological risk parameters registered in June 2016 in the catchment area of the Tazlăul Sărat River. The studies and researches were carried out on the upper course of the river, in the area between Zemeş and Toderaş, the commune of Zemeş, Bacau county. The river basin of the Tazlăul Sărat River has been affected by several floods in recent years. The floods have morphologically modified the minor and the major river bed, which has influenced the stability of the county road and the river construction. The study focused on the analysis of precipitation and liquid flows over a period of 20 years. Processing of liquid flow data revealed more flood flows in the same year. In 2016 there was a flow of 342 m3 / s (probability of 3%). The effects of the floods have materialized through the excessive degradation of shore defence works until their total destruction. The degradation of shore defence works has contributed to breaking the county road and limiting the road traffic. Parameters of hydroclimatic risk highlighted by research impose special conditions when designing shore defence works and protecting the road adjacent to the river.
Water losses are present in all water supply system pipes. Their parameters and value vary depending on the constructional and functional features of the pipes (diameter, material, pressure, embedding environment, location, position etc.). The phenomenon is present in all water supply systems networks in Romania as well as globally. The water supply pipes within the regional water supply system are located in areas with diversified relief, from plateaus and hills to plains. The studies and researches were carried out in the geographical placement area of the Timişeşti-Iaşi pipeline. The geographic area studied is enclosed in Siret and Prut hydrographic basins. The paper aims to establish a correlation between the detection methods of water leaks from pipes and the areal relief features in Iaşi County. At the same time, it is highlighted the impact of the variation of the geographical relief characteristics on the water loss management on different type of pipes.
Iustina Lateș, Mihail Luca, Ștefania Chirica and Nicoleta Iurist Dumitrașcu
The development of a GIS model that includes both information on real estate cadaster and water supply networks is an efficient one. The paper presents the stages of making such a model, starting from field measurements, to structuring the database and custom layouts. Today’s large volume of data requires information to be centralized into tables that are then attached to graphical entities. In the analysis it was considered that the main components of the real estate cadaster system are the field, the parcel, the owner, and for the water supply network distribution networks, hydrants and manhole. GIS programs aim to specifying properties on custom layouts on structural and functional areas. Autocad and ArcMap software allow you to get themed maps on specific system domains. The study model can be simple to complex and can be generalized for any hydro-urban system (urban localities, rural localities, industrial areas, etc.).
Iustina Lateş, Mihail Luca, Gelu Ilie and Nicoleta Iurist
The paper presents research conducted on the optimization of urban water supply networks. One direction of optimization follows the use of GIS models for digitization on components system. The use of water supply system operation depends on the proper functioning of the structural and functional components.
In the analysis it was found that the main components of the system are the following: capture, headrace, puming stations, reservoirs, distribution networks.
Each component is made up of a multitude of sub-components with specific structural and functional character. Using GIS program it follows to specify custom properties using layers of structural and functional domains. Autocad Civil 3D, GisNet Set, ArcGis Server and Autocad Toolbase programs allowed to obtain thematic maps on specific areas of the system. The model of the study can vary from simple to complex and can be generalized to any water supply system for a specific use (urban area, villages, tourist resorts, shopping complexes etc.).
Mihaela Avram, Mihail Luca, Nicolae Marcoie and Ştefania Chirica
Research has analyzed components of the climate and hydrological regime on the Trotuş River and its tributaries over the past 30 years. The hydrological risk was determined by natural causes, but also by anthropogenic causes. Parameters of hydroclimatic risk are represented of the torrential rainfall, flood flows, high frequency of high flows, high erosion speeds etc. The research revealed that at very low intervals (3-5 years) there were floods with very high flows. Changing the climate regime (precipitation concentration on small days) and the natural relief forms in the hydrographical basin (the Eastern Carpathian Mountains) allowed natural risk to occur in the hydrological regime of the Trotuş River. Anthropic factors, in particular, the modification of the leakage coefficient by deforestation of forests and the change of agricultural use of land with large slopes have contributed to the occurrence of anthropogenic risk in the Trotuş River basin. Corroboration of the two types of risk, natural and anthropic, has led to a hydrological disaster regime in the Trotuş River Basin.