Background. Cervical cancer (CC) is a major public health problem worldwide. Knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) genotype prevalence and distribution is important for the introduction of an effective vaccination program and the corresponding epidemiological monitoring. The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the distribution of high-risk HPV genotypes.
Methods. Data were collected from 136 patients for the detection of circulating HPV genotypes, where Pap test results revealed the presence of koilocytes or high risk (HR) dysplastic lesions, elements that raise the suspicion of HPV infection.
Results. HPV infection was identified in 72 (55.4%) of the patients tested, 34 (47.3%) with single infection, and 38 (52.7%) with multiple infections. Twenty-two different types of HPV were identified: 14 high risk HPV types, 7 low risk HPV types, 1 probable high risk HPV type. HPV 16 was the most frequently detected (55.6%) one, it was involved in single (15 cases) and multiple (25 cases) infections, primarily associated with type 18 (12 cases), and type 52 (11 cases). The presence of HPV 18 (29.2%) and HPV 52 (23.6%) was identified after HPV type 16.
Conclusions. Oncogenic HPV genotypes 16, 18, and 52 were most frequently associated in women with dysplastic lesions, which require the use of polyvalent HPV vaccines when assessing cross-protective effects of specific immunoprophylaxis programs.
Mihai Emil Căpîlna, Simona Cristina Rusu, János Bécsi and Mihai Morariu
Introduction: Abdominal radical trachelectomy (ART) for tumors of the uterine cervix can be performed while the pregnancy is ongoing, but the success rates so far are reduced.
Case series presentation: ART was performed in three patients with cervical cancer diagnosed during pregnancy, with a triple aim to offer a radical surgery for cervical cancer, but also to preserve the ongoing pregnancy and fertility. The ART was successful in one patient, and she delivered a healthy baby at term, by cesarean section. The other 2 patients experienced obstetrical complications and lost their pregnancies after ART, but in one of the cases, fertility was preserved.
Conclusions: Radical trachelectomy could be performed as alternative therapy for pregnant women with invasive malignancies of the cervix. This procedure may prevent female patients to lose a much-desired pregnancy, their fertility, as well as their maternity.
Mihail Alexandru Badea, Florin Buicu, Anton Mihai Ţilea, Iudita Maria Badea, Andreea Luciana Chiotoroiu, Vasile Adrian Mureșan and Silviu Horia Morariu
Graham Little-Lassueur Syndrome (GLLS) is considered a form of lichen planopilaris which associates follicular lichen planus, cicatricial alopecia of the scalp and noncicatricial alopecia of the axillary and/or pubic regions. We present the case of a 47 years old female patient, known for 5 years with chronic hepatitis C and a poor therapeutic control of the disease due to Interferon intolerance. She presented to our clinic for the occurrence on the shins of some well-defined, intensely pruritic erythematous plaques, covered with thick scales, with a verrucous appearance, accompanied by excoriations. The skin biopsy reveal hypertrophic lichen planus on the shins and lichen planopilaris on the scalp. The patient was treated with systemic antihystamines, topical corticosteroids and salicylic acid under occlusion, emollients, phototherapy UVB narrow band 4 sessions/week for 3 weeks, cryotherapy. From our knowledge this is the first case of GLLS associated with chronic viral hepatis C.