At the onset of preparations of new permanent exhibitions of the National Museum (NM) in 2011, it was necessary to define their content. Several expert teams composed of NM staff and other institutions took part in this process. Historical topics were embraced in a novel perspective, their comprehensive presentation was so far absent in the NM. Social science expositions in the History exhibition will map the development of society from the Early Middle Ages until the end of the 20th century. The People exhibition will interlink the topics of anthropology, archaeology and classical archaeology. Natural science topics will be elaborated on three levels – nature around us, stories of evolution, and an experimental area (ExperiMus). They will reveal processes affecting the shape and transformations of Earth. The Social and Natural science parts will be linked through the Treasury exhibition. The Pantheon and the Children’s Museum will form completely independent units. The architecture of exhibitions will be the result of public tenders conducted in compliance with the Act on Public Contracts. New expositions of the NM are to be opened in 2019 (Natural science) and 2020 (Social science) on a total area of 12 000 m2.
The National Museum (NM) is preparing several temporary exhibitions in all of its buildings, along with preparing new permanent exhibitions in the New and Historical Buildings. All parts of the National Museum are incorporated in the preparation of new exhibitions, i.e. the Historical Museum, Natural History Museum, Czech Museum of Music, Náprstek Museum and the National Museum Library. In 2017, these exhibition projects are: Light and Life, Masaryk as a Phenomenon, and Indians. In 2018, the National Museum will present the Czech-Slovak / Slovak-Czech exhibition, which will reflect the 100th anniversary of the founding of Czechoslovakia, together with selected moments of Czechoslovakian history and the relationship of these two nations. 2019 could bring the opening of the grand Egyptology exposition Sun Kings and also new Natural history expositions. The remaining permanent expositions should be opened in 2020. The exhibitions in this period will likely recall some important anniversaries (1620, 1920). In future years, the renovation of the Czech Museum of Music and Náprstek Museum will take place.
The paper puts the topic of Cultural Opposition into the historical and social context of the long twenty-year period of 1969–1989 normalization. It is devoted to the changes of the regime, the international embedding of Husák’s Czechoslovakia, the repression since the mid-1970s as well as the economic problems of the state, especially in the 1980s. Attention is paid to opposition activities and the underground movement.
The Pantheon has been the heart of the National Museum ever since its foundation. It was intended to serve the role of honouring personalities of Czech history, science, and culture. The composition of the busts and statues of represented personalities changed over time due to the current political and social situation. It was necessary to define its future form in the context of the renovation. In 2017, discussions of its composition raised the interest of the media and the public. Several possibilities of the new Pantheon were considered, the National Museum finally chose to return to the state of 1948 (55 busts and statues). The Pantheon gallery will exhibit the changes of the compositions throughout time.