The paper discusses fire parameters of individual layers of anti-graffiti coating systems proposed for use in rail transport. Modifications and their effect on flammable properties of these coatings have been described. Performed tests included, first of all, parameters such as lateral spread of flame over the surface and heat emission, whose fulfillment proved the most difficult in the previous studies. For this purpose, polyester putties were tested on an epoxy primer. Then, fire parameters for different anti-graffiti systems containing a swelling layer as an additional protective layer were determined.
Thermal performance of aerogel-embedded polyester/polyethylene nonwoven fabrics in cross airflow was experimentally studied by using a laboratory-built dynamic heat transfer measuring device in which the fabric could be applied on a heating rod. Experiments were performed with different airflow velocities and heating conditions. The temperature–time histories of different materials were collected and compared. The temperature difference and convective heat transfer coefficient under continuous heating were analyzed and discussed. Results showed that under preheated conditions, the aerogel-embedded nonwoven fabrics had very small decrease in temperature and good ability to prevent against heat loss in cross flow. As for the continuous heating conditions, the heat transfer rate of each material showed an increasing trend with increase in the Reynolds number. The aerogel-treated nonwoven fabric with the least fabric thickness and aerogel content delivered a significantly increased heat transfer rate at higher Reynolds number. Thicker fabrics with higher aerogel content could provide better insulation ability in cross flow.