Military operations have an evolving character that responds to the changes in the nature of the conflict. The basic nature of the operation is given by the operational themes. These have a major impact on related military activities and on their tactical tasks. The commander at the tactical level, in order to achieve the end state of the operation, must fully understand the mission, respect the superior’s intent and perceive the conditions, circumstances and influences of each individual characteristic element of the assigned area of operation. The instruments to achieve this status of comprehension are tactical variables (Mission, Enemy, Terrain and Weather, Troops available, Time available, Civil considerations - METT-TC). The aim of the article is to describe tactical variables, which at the tactical level serve as the tool for mission analysis.
The basis for the successful use of the relevant power tools that produce the effects needed to accomplish the end state is to understand the operating environment. Operating environment represents a composite of the conditions, circumstances and influences that affect the employment of capabilities and bear on the decisions of the commander. This is an environment directly affected by the crisis. Each operating environment has its own character, a number of specific features resulting from a particular crisis. The intent of the article is by the analysis of the operational variables (Political, Military, Economic, Social, Information, Infrastructure, Physical, Time - PMESII-PT) to present the specifics of the operating environment that is affected by the insurgency
The current security environment is evolving towards a global complexity of unpredictable events. The risk of state and non-state actors attempting to achieve their goals through destabilization exists. In the operating environment, this implies a blurring of the boundaries between state and nonstate actors (such as insurgents, terrorists and criminals) and NATO may confront an adversary who uses traditional (conventional), irregular warfare or both (hybrid warfare). The aim of the article is to find, analyze and describe the key elements that fundamentally different irregular of traditional (conventional) and hybrid warfare.