A volume and a shape of the briquettes agglomerated in a roller press depend largely on the material properties, the design features of a roller press, and it is a complicated issue. Correctly, selected geometric parameters of the briquettes determine the proper strength of the consolidated product. The paper presents the laboratory and simulation experiments conducted to obtain knowledge about volume and shape of the roller press briquettes.
The main elements of the roller press compacting unit are the forming rollers. They are located horizontally in some roller presses of low efficiency they can be placed vertically. The shape of working surface, the volume of the melding cavities and the characteristics of the briquetted material have an important role in terms of the effects of the briquetting process especially the cost of operating of the roller press. The paper presents the description of the basic shapes of forming surfaces used in the roller presses and it systematises the knowledge of the shape and volume of briquettes produced in the roller presses on the basis of own laboratory and simulation researches.
The information contained in the article can be very useful for designers of roller presses and their users. Further work should be continued to verify the results of tests on other materials and laboratory conditions.
A variety of magnetic fishing tools poses the task of the optimal choice of tool for eliminating accidents during the construction, operation and repair of wells. Existing criteria for assessing the quality of fishing magnets are characterized by the complexity of the determination and the ambiguity of the results. Therefore, the aim of research is development of a new approach to determining the technical level of fishing tools of various types and designs. A complex criterion has been developed that allows to evaluate the technical level of magnetic systems by correlating the actual and theoretical values of the total and specific lifting forces. Also it has been carried out a qualimetric analysis of magnetic tools, which are currently offered by world manufacturers. As a result, mathematical models are found that describe the average and modern world level of devices with specific lifting force. Technical decisions are proposed, the implementation of which in the design of magnetic systems of fishing tools will allow to achieve high values of lifting force. Application of the proposed complex criterion along with the results of qualimetric analysis will make it possible to objectively assess the technical level of magnetic fishing tools both at the design stage and during serial production.