This article deals with the use of a multi-function system for complete machining. It compares the use of conventional tools with multi-function system on the basis of main indicators of the quality of machining.
Anton Martikáň, Andrej Czán, Michal Šajgalík, Mário Drbúl and Tatiana Czánová
In this paper, roughness characteristics as Ra and Rz are observed and their changes regarding to different tool rotation speed without feed, using carbide tool in process of hard machining. By experiments it is shown that, with higher tool revolutions and cutting speed, turning with helical cutting edge yields higher surface quality. Furthermore, during experiments it was proved that it is possible to use carbide tools in hard machining. Results of this paper show that rotational turning has a high potential to become an efficient alternative to hard turning, especially when it comes to large scale production of simple shaped parts.
Ondrej Babík, Michal Šajgalík, Lucia Zaušková and Andrej Czán
The project deals with design and implementation of adjustment onto mounting tables in the automotive industry. Manual control system of the jigs is replaced by a pneumatic system. Advantages of the pneumatic system are eliminating service side-time, improving work flow and increasing safety and ergonomics at work. Thanks to higher effectivity of the work process, manpower can be used in other work positions.
Jozef Pilc, Michal Sajgalik, Dana Stancekova, Miroslav Janota and David Pitela
This paper deals with design of milling tool for milling of shaped groove. Actual industry production requires the large amount of tools and notably the special tools used for example when shaped milling. The requirements on the quality of tools are increasingly demanding. The quality of tools is given by construction, production process, selected material and also heat treatment. Shaped milling requires special tools made for given shape. Main request on the construction of tool is making of shape of cutting edge, which can produce the required shape of workpiece.
Mário Drbúl, Michal Šajgalík, lvan Litvaj and Ondrej Babík
Each part as a final product and its surface is composed of various geometric elements, although at first glance seem as smooth and shiny. During the manufacturing process, there is a number of influences (e.g. selected manufacturing technology, production process, human factors, the strategy of measurement, scanning speed, shape of the measurement contact tip, temperature, or the surface tension and the like), which hinder the production of component with ideally shaped elements. From the economic and design point of view (in accordance with determined GPS standards), there is necessary fast and accurate analyze and evaluate these elements. Presented article deals with the influence of scanning speed and measuring strategy for assessment of shape deviations.
Michal Šajgalík, Andrej Czán, Marek Szigety and Róbert Bobrovský
In this manuscript are described and evaluated processes in cutting zone during machining process by turning based on the results of the multifunction measuring system. This system consists of three different measuring units, which allow to measure and monitor processes in the cutting zone, such as size of components of cutting force, temperature field and its evolution during the cutting process, etc. The results as the data from each unit of multifunction measuring system provide detailed and comprehensive information about processes in cutting zone during the machining and they help to better knowledge of processes in cutting zone during the machining.
Marianna Piesova, Andrej Czan, Michal Sajgalik, Tatiana Czanova and Robert Cep
Uniform austenite remaining in the microstructure of the martensitic transformation is called the residual austenite. It is undesirable structure in components, due to its slow decay causes dimensional instability in these components and reducing the hardness. There is a change in volume and it generate internal stress which often appear as cracks. The residual austenite is highly undesirable component in the molded parts, as well as the production of gears and bearing components. The article deals with quantification of residual austenite in steels by using the Average peak method by X-ray diffraction. This method applies four separate peaks to determine the amount of austenite.
Andrej Czán, Michal Šajgalík, Anton Martikáň and Jozef Mrázik
To generally improve effectivity of parts production and metal cutting process, there are used process models of super alloys together with finite element modeling simulations. Advanced measurement methods of the process could improve and verify the accuracy of these models. These methods cause many error sources when using empiric or exact methods such as infrared radiation thermography to measure the temperature distribution of the tool, workpiece, and chip during metal cutting. Measuring of metal machining is challenging due to factors such as the high magnification required, high surface speeds and deformations, micro-blackbody effects, changing emissivity and deformations present at metal cutting. As part of an ongoing effort to improve our understanding of uncertainties associated with these measurement methods, multimeasurement sets of experiments were performed. First set of measurements observed connection between surface temperature and the internal temperature of the cutting tool. This was accomplished by measuring the temperature using a thermal camera in cutting zone. Second set performed high-speed scan of dynamic processes such as formation of elastic and plastic deformation. During this operation was applied high-speed scannning system using macro conversion lens for monitoring of micro-structural changes in deformation areas. Next necessary applied set is recording of dynamic processes by implementation of piezoelectric measurement device for monitoring of cutting forces. The outputs from multimeasuring system are the basis for verification of theoretical knowledge from this field and elimination of uncertainties, which arise by using computer simulation systems.
Andrej Czan, Lucia Zauskova, Michal Sajgalik and Mario Drbul
Surface integrity is a broad term which includes various quality factors affecting the functional properties of parts. Residual stress is one of these factors. Machining generates residual stresses in the surface and subsurface layers of the structural elements. X-ray diffractometry is a non-destructive method applicable for the measurement of residual stresses in surface and subsurface layers of components. The article is focused on the non-destructive progressive method of triaxial measurement of residual stress after machining the surface of sample by high feed milling technology. Significance of triaxial measuring is the capability of measuring in different angles so it is possible to acquire stress tensor containing normal and shear stress components acting in the spot of measuring, using a Cartesian coordinate system.
Lucia Zaušková, Andrej Czán, Michal Šajgalík, Jozef Pobijak and Matej Mikloš
High-feed milling is a milling method characteristic with shallow depth of cut and high feed rate to maximize the amount of removed metal from a part, generating residual stresses in the surface and subsurface layers of the machined parts. The residual stress has a large influence on the functional properties of the components. The article is focused on the application of triaxial x-ray diffraction method to monitor residual stresses after high feed milling. Significance of triaxial measuring method is the capability of measuring in different angles so it is possible to acquire stress tensor containing normal and shear stress components.