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Open access

Marta Sękowska, Tomasz Kościński, Tomasz Wierzbicki, Jacek Hermann and Michał Drews

Treatment of the Hemorrhoids and Anal Mucosal Prolapse Using Elastic Band Ligature - Early and Long Term Results

The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of the treatment of internal hemorrhoids and anal mucosal prolapse using elastic band ligation and to compare this method to chosen surgical procedures.

Material and methods. The study included 648 patients (363 males and 285 females). 474 patients were treated using an elastic band ligature and 174 patients underwent surgical hemorrhoidectomy. The average age of the patients in both groups was similar - 49 years.

The treatment tolerance was evaluated in the prospective study group. The intensity and duration of pain was assessed on the first and second postoperative day using a Verbal Rating Scale.

Results. 86.5% of the patients were cured using Barron's procedure, success rate for second-degree hemorrhoids was 89% and for third degree - 85.2%. Surgical hemorrhoidectomy was effective in 92% of patients. Early failure of elastic ligature was noted in 2.5% of patients. The recurrences of hemorrhoidal symptoms were observed in 11% of Barron's group and in 8% after hemorrhoidectomy. The intensity of pain was much higher among patients after surgical hemorrhoidectomy. The average of the pain score in the 4th hour was 0.3 for the elastic band ligation and 1.4 for the surgical treatment. In the 24th hour - 0.2 and 1.7 respectively. Mean postoperative stay was 3.8 days.

Conclusions. Rubber band ligation is highly effective and well tolerated. Relatively minor pain following this procedure is found in only 9.5% of patients. The disadvantages of surgical hemorrhoidectomy are: important postoperative pain and long time of wound healing that impair the recovery to professional activity.

Open access

Tomasz Banasiewicz, Wiktor Meissner, Przemysław Pyda, Tomasz Wierzbicki, Maciej Biczysko, Michał Głyda, Katarzyna Iwanik and Michał Drews

Local Anesthesia in Thyroid Surgery - Own Experience and Literature Review

The local anesthesia in thyroid surgery is rarely used, only in selected patients. Majority of centers performing thyroid surgery with local anesthesia have possibility to convert to the general anesthesia.

The aim of the study was to present our experiences with partial thyroidectomy under local anesthesia performed in 49 consecutive subjects in the Central African Republic (bilateral subtotal strumectomy, total resection of the one lobe, subtotal resection of the one lobe).

Material and methods. All admitted patients with clinically significant goiter were accepted for surgical treatment. For infiltration anesthesia 1% lignocaine was used. Because of the shortage of medical resources, potential conversion to the general anesthesia was impossible. Before the operation patients had received an oral sedation and antibiotic. In 16 patients general anesthesia was used, in other 33 it was impossible.

Results. Subtotal bilateral thyroidectomy was performed in 37 patients, 12 patients underwent lobectomy or partial lobectomy of the affected portion of the gland. There were no intraoperative and postoperative complications noticed in the reported group, including complications related to laryngeal nerve injury. The mean duration of the procedure was 127 minutes and mean medical follow-up was 3 days. General condition of all patients on the day of discharge from hospital was good.

Conclusions. Surgery for goiter under local anesthesia may be a safe alternative where general anesthesia is not available or contraindicated for medical reasons. The infiltration anesthesia is simple to perform and reduces the number of complications potentially occurred at the C2-C4 neck plexus block.

Open access

Jakub Kupecki, Konrad Motyliński, Marek Skrzypkiewicz, Michał Wierzbicki and Yevgeniy Naumovich


The article discusses the operation of solid oxide electrochemical cells (SOC) developed in the Institute of Power Engineering as prospective key components of power-to-gas systems. The fundamentals of the solid oxide cells operated as fuel cells (SOFC - solid oxide fuel cells) and electrolysers (SOEC - solid oxide fuel cells) are given. The experimental technique used for electrochemical characterization of cells is presented. The results obtained for planar cell with anodic support are given and discussed. Based on the results, the applicability of the cells in power-to-gas systems (P2G) is evaluated.

Open access

Sławomir Jaworski, Ewa Sawosz, Marta Grodzik, Marta Kutwin, Mateusz Wierzbicki, Karolina Włodyga, Agnieszka Jasik, Michał Reichert and Andrè Chwalibog


The objective of this study was the morphological and structural characterisation of glioblastoma multiforme grown in ovo. Glioma cells U87 and U118 were implanted in the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of chicken egg. After 10 days of incubation, tumours were resected for further analyses. Culturing two types of glioblastoma tumours from U87 and U118 cell lines has shown a number of differences in their morphology, histology, and ultrastructure. CAM assay proved to be a useful tool for studying glioblastoma growth. The model provides an excellent alternative to current rodent models and could serve as a preclinical screening assay for anticancer molecules. It might increase the speed and efficacy of the development of new drugs for the treatment of glioblastoma.