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Open access

Ewa Dudek and Michał Kozłowski

Abstract

This article is a continuation of the authors’ study on the ways to ensure the quality and safety of aeronautical data and information. In its content the Integrated Aeronautical Information Package was presented and its fundamental part AIP Poland was described. In addition, the docking guidance system A-VDGS, being an example of implementation of telematics system in air transport, was discussed as well as its requirements and schematic representation were attached. In the following part of the publication an analysis of AIP Poland in terms of the mentioned aircrafts’ docking systems was performed and a discrepancy between the requirements published in ICAO Annex 14 and published information for aerodrome EPWA was noticed. The indicated case of published incompatibility confirms the necessity to develop and implement a complex method of aeronautical data and information quality assurance at all stages of aeronautical data and information chain, which will be the subject of authors’ further study.

Open access

Ewa Dudek and Michał Kozłowski

Abstract

This article is a continuation of the Authors’ study on the ways to ensure the quality and safety of aeronautical data and information in the entire process (considered as the supply chain) of those data and information creation, collection, processing and publication. In its content attention was paid to air traffic proactive safety management aa well as the need to manage identified incompatibilities. The risk assessment and tolerability matrices arising from ICAO specifications were presented, and then on their bases, the concept of such matrices determination for aeronautical data and information chain was developed. In addition, the criteria for consequences’/effects’ of incompatibilities appearance assessment related strictly to air transport were elaborated. In the summary directions for further analysis were pointed out, leading to carrying out a full risk assessment analysis of the discussed chain with the use of the FMEA method.

Open access

Michał Kozłowski

Abstract

The paper presents the problem of determining the minimum acceptable level of products and services of airport business continuity. Conducted a study of legal requirements and operational needs. Characterized components of BCMS (ISO 22301). Determined the relationship between measures of the reliability and capacity in the airport BCMS. On this basis, presented a concept of use the reliability gamma-percent resource measure and RCM methods in the airport BCMS.

Open access

Michał Kozłowski

Abstract

The paper presents the issue of ensuring the continuity of the operation at the airport. Requirements and objectives relating to business continuity management have been defined in accordance with ISO 22301 international standard. Conducted a study of reliability issues operation of the airport. Defined the function of the reliability and operational readiness of the airport. Presented the concept of using function of operational readiness in the risk assessment for the continuity of the airport.

Open access

Ewa Dudek and Michał Kozłowski

Abstract

The paper presents the concept of a method ensuring quality of aeronautical data. European Union (among others UE 73/2010) as well as international (among others ICAO Annex 15) regulations introduce a number of requirements regarding the quality and safety of aeronautical data. Those directives set up a complementary regulations system. However with their objective and scope they determine mainly the specifications and requirements that are to be implemented and compatible. Mentioned regulations also refer to selected international standards (e.g. ISO 19157), focused on quality and safety of geographic data and information. Nevertheless within the scope of considered regulations and norms no algorithms and methods of ensuring required quality in the process of aeronautical data collection and processing were determined. Taking into account the identified needs, authors proposed the application of statistical method for process quality management – six-sigma.

Open access

Michał Kozłowski and Jolanta Komisarek

Abstract

The investigation was carried out in the catena of Retisols within the Opalenica Plain. The aim of the study was to characterize the variation in texture of selected Retisols formed from ground moraine glacial till of Leszno Phase of Vistulian glaciation. The analyzed soils are characterized by a similar degree of soil material segregation, which is characteristic for the typical glacial till. Particle size distribution and granulometric indices lead to conclusion that soils located in the catena on summit and shoulder positions, have vertical texture distribution formed primarily by lessivage process. Sandy texture of eluvial horizons noted in the Retisol of the slope pediment can be a consequence of not only lessivage but also of slope forming processes that led to the appearance of lithic discontinuity. The cluster analysis using Ward’s method and 1-rPearson as the distance measure can be helpful for identification the lithogenic uniformity and/or non-uniformity of soil parent material.

Open access

Michał Kozłowski and Jolanta Komisarek

Abstract

The paper presents results of determination of temporal changes in water table depths in the toposequence of Retisols/Luvisols and Phaeozems/Gleysols. Assessment of temporal trends in the water table depth was made with the use of the linear regression analysis. The results obtained indicate that the mean water table depth and mean high and low water table depths were deeper in the soil at the upper part of the slope in comparison with soil located at the footslope. A higher amplitude of water table was observed in Retisols than in Gleysols but the highest variability of water table level was noted in the soils at the footslope compared to those at the slope summit. In Retisols, with each month of observation from 1993 to 2012, the water table showed a tendency to increase. These trends were the highest from January to April, which may be related to the tendency of increasing monthly sums of precipitation in December, January and February. In the Gleysol at the footslope, in the period 1993–2012 and in the vegetation season, the water table depth showed a tendency to decrease. This trend may be due to the impact of water table on the soil water content at the root zone, which is used in the process of evapotranspiration.

Open access

Michał Kozłowski and Jolanta Komisarek

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine whether the Polish soil textural classification is useful for evaluation of soil water retention and hydraulic properties and, furthermore, for determining which textural classes are characterized by the highest diversity of soil water retention and hydraulic properties. The texture triangle was divided into a 1% grid of particle-size classes resulting in 5151 different data points. For each data point, soil water retention parameters and saturated hydraulic conductivity were obtained using the ROSETTA program. The silt classes showed the highest uncertainty in the estimation of the saturated water content based on the soil texture. These classes are characterized by high variations of saturated water content within the class. Estimations of field capacity and permanent wilting point on the basis of textural classes are encumbered with highest errors for gp, pg, pl and pyg soils, which are characterized by the highest values of coefficient of variation. Saturated soil hydraulic conductivity is better classified into homogeneous classes by the Polish texture classes than by the clusters obtained by the k-means cluster analysis based on the soil hydraulic and retention properties. Soil water retention parameters are better classified into homogeneous groups by the k-means cluster analysis than by the traditional textural classes. Cluster analysis using the k-means can be helpful for grouping similar soils from the point of view of their retention properties.

Open access

Michał Kozłowski, Mirosław Szczepkowski, Krzysztof Wunderlich, Bożena Szczepkowska and Iwona Piotrowska

Abstract

The experiment examined the possibility of rearing juvenile pikeperch, Sander lucioperca (L.) in polyculture with sterlet Acipenser ruthenus L. in a recirculating system. Three variants of pikeperch rearing were tested: monoculture (group S), with the addition of sterlet at 10% (group S10) and 20% (group S20) of the initial pikeperch biomass. After 56 days of rearing, no differences in the growth rates or survival of the pikeperch were noted. The value of the feed conversion ratio in the monoculture group was 1.19 and was significantly statistically higher than in the polyculture groups, the values of which were 0.84 (S10) and 0.74 (S20). The mean oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion values did not differ significantly statistically among the studied groups. Including the sterlet stock with the pikeperch permitted obtaining the additional value of the sterlet biomass using the same quantity of feed. Additionally, the inclusion of sterlet decreased the labor intensity of pikeperch rearing since the tanks did not need cleaning as frequently.

Open access

Józef Kładny, Tariq Al-Amawi, Michał Kozłowski, Piotr Wojtasik and Małgorzata Świder-Al-Amawi

Is the Surgeon's Experience an Independent Prognostic Factor in Rectal Cancer?

The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of the surgeons' caseload on the results of therapy in rectal cancer.

Material and methods. 286 consecutive patients (155 males and 131 females) were enrolled and operated on for rectal cancer stage T2 (112 patients) and T3 (174 patients) in 8 surgical centers of Szczecin between January 1993 and December 1997. Studied group included about 79% of radically operated patients due were to rectal cancer in analyzed period.

Results. The patients were assigned to one of two groups with regard to the surgeon's caseload. The first group was comprised of 116 patients (including 72 stage T3 and 54 stage T2 patients) operated on by surgeons more experienced in rectal surgery and the second group was comprised of 160 patients operated on by 36 surgeons with fewer caseloads. The surgeon's experience in rectal surgery was measured by the surgeon's caseload throughout the entire study period. We considered surgeons with greater than 25 cases over the study period experienced.

Analysis of survival with regard to the managing center revealed significant differences for stage T3, with 5-year-survival rates ranging from 14% to 60%. Distinct differences were also noted for survival rates in stage T2 (5-year-survival rates ranged from 38% to 86%); however, these differences were not statistically significant. Analysis of the influence of surgeon's caseload on outcomes in rectal cancer revealed a significant influence in stage T3 and a lack of influence in stage T2.

Conclusion. The surgeon's experience is an independent prognostic factor for stage T3 rectal cancer patients.