Nikolas Nagy, Miroslav Holienka, Matej Babic, Jakub Michálek and Egon Kunzmann
The aim of this research was to make reference to the difference in heart rate values (HR) of soccer players in small-sided games (SSG) with various content focus. We assumed that the aim at the content in small-sided games would significantly affect the HR values of participating soccer players. The research group was comprised of players (n = 6) of the soccer club FK DAC 1904 Dunajská Streda (U15) at the age of 14 ± 0.7 years. The HR values were evaluated on the basis of collected data, which we obtained using sport testers and special software POLAR TEAM2. In order to find out the statistical significance of the difference in HR was used the One-Way ANOVA and the Bonferroni post hoc test. The level of statistical significance was set at 5 %. We found out that by the change of the small-sided game’s content focus, the internal reaction of players’ organism to training load was at different level. In the SSG3, with the emphasis on the improvement of individual’s final offensive game activity – shooting, was recorded the highest achieved HRavg value of the monitored players (181.83 ±7.11 beats.min−1). This form of the SSG was the most intense. However, there were no significant differences in HR values among the individual forms of the SSG. Our recommendation is to employ in the systematic training process small forms of small-sided games with various content focus, because by the means of it we can adequately prepare the players for the match load itself.
Matej Babič, Miłosz Andrzej Huber, Elzbieta Bielecka, Metin Soycan, Wojciech Przegon, Ljubomir Gigović, Siniša Drobnjak, Dragoljub Sekulović, Ivan Pogarčić, George Miliaresis, Matjaž Mikoš and Marko Komac
Many problems in the analysis of natural terrain surface shapes and the construction of terrain maps to model them remain unsolved. Almost the whole process of thematic interpretation of aerospace information consists of a step-by-step grouping and further data conversion for the purpose of creating a completely definite, problematically oriented picture of the earth’s surface. In this article, we present application of a new method of drawing 3D visibility networks for pattern recognition and its application on terrain surfaces. For the determination of complexity of 3D surface terrain, we use fractal geometry method. We use algorithm for constructing the visibility network to analyse the topological property of networks used in complex terrain surfaces. Terrain models give a fast overview of a landscape and are often fascinating and overwhelmingly beautiful works by artists who invest all their interest and an immense amount of work and know-how, combined with a developed sense of the portrayed landscape, in creating them. At the end, we present modelling of terrain surfaces with topological properties of the visibility network in 3D space.