Sebastian Sawonik, Monika Kozłowiec, Aleksandra Kołodyńska, Adam Domagała, Anna Aftyka, Joanna Milanowska, Patrycja Gierszon, Maria Dorota Kwika and Marzena Samardakiewicz
Introduction. Choosing medical specialty is one of the most crucial decisions about future career of graduates. Multiplicity and variety of available options make great opportunities for development of interests and ambitions of future doctors. Unfortunately, it can also be an impediment in making decisions about path of medical career.
Aim. The aim of the study was to discover if medical students have problem with choosing specialty and to ask about availability and need of career guidance for medical students.
Material and methods. Voluntary survey was conducted via the Internet among medical students in Polish and foreign medical universities.
Results. The total number of 565 medical students completed the survey – 371 women (66.5%) and 189 men (33.5%). They were students of 16 medical universities, 10 Polish and 6 foreign ones. Problem with choosing medical specialization reported over 70% respondents. Only 11.9% of the group declare that they participated in classes that were helpful in making decision about their future medical career. Need for career guidance was revealed in over 91.5% answers. Significant difference between genders has been found in reporting problem with choosing medical specialty – it was reported by 75.5% of women and 62.4% of men. There were no differences between the Polish and foreign students and between students in different years of study in all the questioned issues – choice of medical specialization, participation in classes which were helpful in decision making and necessity of counseling in choosing specialization.
Conclusion. The results of the study clearly indicate that most of medical students have problem with choosing medical specialty. Guidance is not realized among most of students, despite the fact that the vast majority of them reports need for that kind of consultation.
Małgorzata Cybula-Misiurek, Krystyna Kiczuk, Iwona Czerwińska-Pawluk and Marzena Samardakiewicz
Introduction. Brain tumors account for 17-29% of all developmental age neoplasms. Most cases are noted in children aged 2-3 years and 5-10 years.
Aim. The study aims to determine the number of patients with brain tumors in children hospitalized in the Department of Neurology, University Children’s Hospital in Lublin in the years 2002-2015 and to present the most common early symptoms of the disease.
Material and methods. The study group comprised 58 children. The age of respondents ranged from 2 to 17.5 years of age. The study was based on retrospective analysis of medical records of patients hospitalized in the Department of Neurology, University Children’s Hospital in Lublin in the years 2002-2015. We analyzed medical history of patients whose hospital admissions were due to symptoms such as headaches, dizziness and the accompanying nausea, morning vomiting, walk on a broad basis, balance disorders, abnormal vision, nystagmus, strabismus, hemiparesis, seizures, behavioral changes, weight loss, and the duration of symptoms prior to hospitalization and location of the tumor.
Results. The surveyed group comprised 58 children with brain tumors, 29 girls (50%) and 29 boys (50%). The age of respondents ranged from 2 to 17.5 years. The symptoms, which dominated in patients on admission were: headache, dizziness, vomiting, especially in the morning. The time of occurrence of clinical symptoms varied from several days to several months before hospitalization.
Conclusions. The analysis showed the presence of a brain tumor in children of both sexes with a comparable frequency. Brain tumors in the studied population most often were found in children aged 5-10 years. The location of the tumor was associated with the age of the child. The most common early symptoms of brain tumors in the study group were headache, dizziness, nausea, blurred vision, impaired balance.