A wear proof layer was obtained by applying vibration with a frequency of 100 Hz and amplitude of 0; 70; 300 μm to the cored wire of Fe-Cr-B-C doping system during welding. It was shown that horizontal vibration affects the grinding process of boride inclusions: their average diameter reduces from 175 to 5 μm, and the amount of (FeCr)2B plastic phases increases during the redistribution of phases. Wear resistance of the metal, which was deposited using horizontal vibration with an amplitude of 300 μm, increases by 2.3-2.5 times due to wear with the fixed and unfixed abrasive material, and by 2.8 times due to wear under impact loads. For restoration and strengthening of large-size parts, it is proposed to add Al-Mg powder (Al = 47 - 53 %, Mg = 53-47% wt. %) to the CW charge to increase wear resistance of the deposited metal of the Fe-Cr-B-C system. This contributes to the dispersion of the boride inclusions, the average diameter of which decreases from 70 to 5 μm. In the structure of the deposited metal of the Fe-Cr-B-C system, inclusions of the complex alloyed nitrides are extricated with an average size less than 1.0 μm. As a result, the average value of microhardness increases from 700 to 900 HV. Wear resistance of the deposited metal increases by 1.5 times due to wear with the fixed and unfixed abrasive material, and by 2.0 times due to wear under impact loads.
A new method for evaluating the bone status using the scattering parameter of hardness indexes (Weibull homogeneity coefficient m) is proposed. A comparative analysis of the condition of the bone tissue of birds, depending on age, breed and calcium content, is conducted. It is established that the scattering degree of mechanical properties, in particular, hardness, is a very structure-sensitive parameter.
The melting conditions of the electrode wires and the structure of coatings, obtained by the electric arc spraying method depending on the pressure of the spraying air flow, are analysed in the current paper. The effect of air pressure on the spraying angle of the flow of melted metal droplets is demonstrated. It is established that due to the decrease in this spraying angle, the temperature of the droplets increases. In addition, high-speed airflow is more easily captured by smaller molten metal droplets and during the contact with the substrate surface their deformations were more strongly. Due to such phenomenon, the porosity of the coatings was reduced and the number of lamellae, welded to each other, increased. With the increasing pressure of the air flow, the thicknesses of the lamellae were decreased, however, the amount of the oxide phase in the coatings has increased. As a result, the hardness, wear resistance and cohesive strength of the coatings, obtained at a higher pressure of the air flow, have increased, and the level of residual stresses of the first kind in them decreased.
The main regularities in fatigue fracture of the railway axle material - the OSL steel - are found in this paper. Micromechanisms of fatigue crack propagation are described and systematized, and a physical-mechanical interpretation of the relief morphology at different stages of crack propagation is proposed for fatigue cracks in specimens cut out of the surface, internal and central layers of the axle.
The paper presents results of research of the essential characteristics of two kinds of advanced coatings applied by HVOF technology. One studied coating: WB-WC-Co (60-30-10%) contains two types of hard particles (WC and WB), the second coating is eco-friendly alternative to the previously used WC-based coatings, called “green carbides” with the composition WC-FeCrAl (85-15%). In green carbides coating the heavy metals (Co, Ni, NiCr) forming the binding matrix in conventional wear-resistant coatings are replaced by more environmentally friendly matrix based on FeCrAl alloy. On the coatings was carried out: metallographic analysis, measurement of thickness, micro-hardness, adhesion, resistance to thermal cyclic loading and adhesive wear resistance (pin-on-disk test). One thermal cycle consisted of heating the coatings to 600°C, dwell for 10 minutes, and subsequently cooling on the still air. The number of thermal cycles: 10. The base material was stainless steel AISI 316L, pretreatment prior to application of the coating: blasting with white corundum, application device JP-5000.