Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 6 of 6 items for

  • Author: Marta Oszczypko-Clowes x
Clear All Modify Search
Open access

Marta Oszczypko-Clowes and Nestor Oszczypko

Stratigraphy and tectonics of a tectonic window in the Magura Nappe (Świątkowa Wielka, Polish Outer Carpathians)

The Świątkowa Wielka Tectonic Window belongs to the Grybów Nappe of the Fore-Magura Group of units. This tectonic window is located in the marginal part of the Magura Nappe and is composed of Oligocene — Sub-Grybów Beds as well as the Grybów Marl Formation. These beds have been correlated with the Oligocene deposits of other tectonic windows of the Grybów Nappe in Poland. Our research reveals that the Krosno beds' shally facies, which occur at the western termination of the Świątkowa Wielka Tectonic Window, belong to the Dukla succession. On the basis of calcareous nannoplankton analysis, the Grybów Marl Formation as well as the Krosno Beds belong to the NP23-NP24, and NP24 Zones, respectively. The structure of the Świątkowa Wielka Tectonic Window reveals a multistage evolution of the Magura Nappe overthrust onto their foreland.

Open access

Marta Oszczypko-Clowes, Dominika Lelek and Nestor Oszczypko

Sarmatian paleoecological environment of the Machów Formation based on the quantitative nannofossil analysis — a case study from the Sokołów area (Polish Carpathian Foredeep)

The Machów Formation belongs to a supra-evaporitic succession of the Polish Carpathian Foredeep Basin (PCFB). Our studies were concentrated in the eastern part of the PCFB, north of Rzeszów. 33 samples were collected from five boreholes, at depth intervals as follows: Stobierna 2 — 1016-1338 m; Stobierna 3 — 715-1669 m; Stobierna 4 — 1016-1238 m; Stadnicka Brzóza 1 — 350-356 m and 1043-1667 m; Pogwizdów 2 — 1161-1390 m. The obtained biostratigraphical data gave evidence for the upper part of the NN6 (the Early Sarmatian) and for the NN7 (the lowermost part of the Late Sarmatian) Zones. All the nannofossil assemblages from Stobierna 2, Stobierna 4 and Pogwizdów 2 were assigned to the NN6 Zone. In the Stobierna 3 borehole the interval 1669-1113 m was assigned to NN6, whereas assemblages from depth interval 843-715 m belong to NN7 Zone. In Stadnicka Brzóza 1 interval 1667-1043 m belongs to NN6 Zone and interval 350-356 m to NN7 Zone. The Discoaster exilis Zone (NN6) was defined by the presence of Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilica, Sphenolithus abies, Helicosphaera walbersdorfensis and absence of Discoaster kugleri. The Discoaster kugleri Zone (NN7) assignment was based on the abundance of Coccolithus miopelagicus (> 10 μm), used as an alternative species essentially confined to that interval, and absence of Catinaster coalithus. The observed nannoplankton assemblages are predominantly composed of a high number of redeposited material, abundant long-ranging taxa and taxa resistant to carbonate dissolution. General assemblage compositions, obtained from quantitative data, indicate shallow near-shore environment and could confirm basin isolation.

Open access

Marta Oszczypko-Clowes and Bartłomiej Żydek

Paleoecology of the Upper Eocene-Lower Oligocene Malcov Basin based on the calcareous nannofossils: a case study of the Leluchów section (Krynica Zone, Magura Nappe, Polish Outer Carpathians)

During the period of ca. 20 Ma (Middle Eocene-Chattian) the Leluchów Succession of the Magura Basin passed through drastic changes of sedimentary condition and paleobathymetry from well oxygened red shales with Reticulofragmium amplectens, deposited beneath CCD, red Globigerina oozes, to oxygen depleted organic-rich menilite-type shales and finally to flysch deposition of open marine conditions. The biostratigraphic and lithostratigraphic scheme is well established with the Leluchów Marl Member — Zones NP19-20 to NP22 (Late Eocene-Early Oligocene), Smereczek Shale Member, Zone NP23 (Early Oligocene) and the Malcov Formation s.s., Zone NP24 (Early-Late Oligocene). The aim of the paper is to present the quantitative analyses as the basis for paleoecological changes in the Magura Basin during the Late Eocene-Late Oligocene period. The changes manifest themselves through a decrease in the water temperature and progressing eutrophication. Species typical of brackish water conditions and restricted to the Paratethys region were identified from the NP23 Zone.

Open access

Marta Oszczypko-Clowes

Abstract

Studies, based on calcareous nannofossils, proved that the level of reworked microfossils had so far been underestimated. More recently detailed quantitative studies of calcareous nannoplankton of the Magura, Malcov, Zawada and Kremna formations from the Magura Nappe in Poland documented a degree of nannofossil recycling among those formations. In the Late Eocene-Early Oligocene pelagic Leluchów Marl Member of the Malcov Formation the level of redeposition is very low (0-3.80 %), however, in the flysch deposits of the Malcov Formation reworking increased to 31.4 %. Late Oligocene through Early Miocene “molasse” type deposits of the Zawada and Kremna formations contain 43.7-69.0 % of reworked nannofossils. Quantitative analyses of the reworked assemblages confirmed the domination of Paleogene nannofossil species over Cretaceous ones. The most abundant, reworked assemblages belong to the Early- Middle Eocene age.

Open access

Nestor Oszczypko, Andrzej Ślączka, Marta Oszczypko-Clowes and Barbara Olszewska

Abstract

In the Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous palaeogeography of the Alpine Tethys the term Ocean is used for different parts of these sedimentary areas: eg. Ligurian – Piedmont and Penninic, Magura, Pieniny, Valais and Ceahlau-Severins oceans. The Magura Ocean occupied the more northern position in the Alpine-Carpathian arc. During the Late Cretaceous–Paleogene tectono-sedimentary evolution the Magura Ocean was transformed into several (Magura, Dukla, Silesian, sub-Silesian and Skole) basins and intrabasinal source area ridges now incorporated into the Outer Western Carpathians.

Open access

Marta Oszczypko-Clowes, Patrycja Wójcik-Tabol and Mateusz Płoszaj

Abstract

The Grybów Unit occurring in the Ropa tectonic window was the subject of micropaleontological and geochemical investigation. Studies, based on calcareous nannofossils, proved that the level of reworked microfossil is not higher than 22 % and it varies between two sections. Quantitative analyses of the reworked assemblages confirmed the domination of Cretaceous and Middle Eocene species. The Sub-Grybów Beds, Grybów Marl Formation and Krosno Beds were assigned to the Late Oligocene and represent the terminal flysch facies. Detrital material accumulated in the Oligocene sediments originated from the Marmarosh Massif, which is the eastern prolongation of the Fore-Magura Ridge. The microscopically obtained petrological features agree with the chemical composition of the samples. Mica flakes, rounded grains of glauconite, heavy mineral assemblage, including abraded grains of zircon, rutile and tourmaline as well as charred pieces of plant tissues are reworked components. Enrichment in zircon and rutile is confirmed geochemically by positive correlation between Zr and SiO2. Zr addition is illustrated on 10×Al2O3–Zr–200×TiO2 and Zr/Sc vs. Th/Sc diagrams. Interpretation of the A–CN–K diagram and variety of CIA and CPA values indicate that the source rocks were intensely weathered granite-type rocks.