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Marko Babić

Abstract

This article deals mostly with land registers. It demonstrates clearly what is the significance of this legal element in continental European legal systems especially those who follow Germanic legal tradition (like Croatia). As such, land registers provide legal certainty and transparency which are highly desired and valued among potential business investors. Therefore, we may rightly award it with cornerstone status within the law of real property.

Open access

Marko Babić

Abstract

Political extremism (and particularly right wing political extremism) remains relatively insufficiently explored due to the fact that the phenomenon is controversial and hard to define. Its ambiguity and variability depending on time and spatial point of view further complicates its definition. Its structure is amorphous and eclectic as it often includes elements from different ideologies and connects incompatible ideas. A multidimensional conceptualization and an interdisciplinary approach - sociological, social, psychological and historical, are the Author’s tools in explaining the phenomenon of political extremism in Serbia, hopefully contributing to its clarification and laying a foundation for its further explanatory theoretical studies.

Open access

Marko Šoštarić, Branko Petrinec and Dinko Babić

Abstract

This paper addresses the noticeable increase of 137Cs activity concentrations in soil and fallout in the area surrounding Zagreb (Croatia) that occurred at the time of the 2011 Fukushima accident. This topic is important for public health as 137Cs is highly toxic due to its long half-life of radioactive decay and chemical similarity to potassium. 137Cs concentrations in fallout were much greater than in soil, but remained present longer in the latter. While being detectable in our measurements, 137Cs did not spread through the food chain in amounts exceeding the maximum allowed level of radioactive food contamination. However, more thorough and consistent measurements need to be done in order to establish the precise activity trends of 137Cs in Zagreb soil and fallout.

Open access

Marko Šoštarić, Branko Petrinec and Dinko Babić

Abstract

This paper tackles the issue of interpreting the number of airborne particles adsorbed on a filter through which a certain volume of sampled air has been pumped. This number is equal to the product of the pumped volume and particle concentration in air, but only if the concentration is constant over time and if there is no substance decomposition on the filter during sampling. If this is not the case, one must take into account the inconstancy of the concentration and the decay law for a given substance, which is complicated even further if the flow rate through the filter is not constant. In this paper, we develop a formalism which considers all of these factors, resulting in a single, compact expression of general applicability. The use of this expression is exemplified by addressing a case of sampling airborne radioactive matter, where the decay law is already well known. This law is combined with three experimentally observed time dependence of the flow rate and two models for the time dependence of the particle concentration. We also discuss the implications of these calculations for certain other situations of interest to environmental studies.

Open access

Branko Petrinec, Marko Šoštarić and Dinko Babić

Abstract

This article gives an overview of physical concepts important for radioecology and radiotoxicology to help bridge a gap between non-physicists in these scientific disciplines and the intricate language of physics. Relying on description and only as much mathematics as necessary, we discuss concepts ranging from fundamental natural forces to applications of physical modelling in phenomenological studies. We first explain why some atomic nuclei are unstable and therefore transmute. Then we address interactions of ionising radiation with matter, which is the foundation of both radioecology and radiotoxicology. We continue with relevant naturally occurring and anthropogenic radionuclides and their properties, abundance in the environment, and toxicity for the humans and biota. Every radioecological or radiotoxicological assessment should take into account combined effects of the biological and physical half-lives of a radionuclide. We also outline the basic principles of physical modelling commonly used to study health effects of exposure to ionising radiation, as it is applicable to every source of radiation but what changes are statistical weighting factors, which depend on the type of radiation and exposed tissue. Typical exposure doses for stochastic and deterministic health effects are discussed, as well as controversies related to the linear no-threshold hypothesis at very low doses.

Open access

Marko Ravic, Vladimir Jakovljevic, Petar Ristic, Ivan Srejovic, Aleksandra Vranic, Goran Babic and Sergey Bolevich

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, while cardiovascular diseases are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The renin-angiotensin- aldosterone system controls renal, cardiovascular, adrenal function and regulates fluid and electrolyte balance as well as blood pressure. Because of his role, inhibition of reninangiotensin- aldosteron system is another therapy approach that reduces the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In this study, our goal was to evaluate effect of valsartan,as inhibitor of angiotensin II receptor type 1, on cardiac tissue and function, with focus on cardiodynamic and oxidative stress. The present study was carried out on 20 adult male Wistar albino rats (8 week old and with body masses of 180- 200 g). Rats were divided randomly into 2 groups (10 animals per group). Healthy animals treated with 1 μM of valsartan and streptozotocin-induced diabetic animals perfused with 1 μM of valsartan 4 weeks after the induction of diabetes. Our results demonstrated that acute application of valsartan has different effect on cardiodynamics in rat heart of diabetic and healthy animals but did not improve cardiac function in hyperglycemia- induced changes. A challenge for further investigations are studies with chronic or acute administration, alone or in combination with other angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor in various models of diabetes.

Open access

Branko Petrinec, Isabela Tišma, Marko Šoštarić, Marina Poje Sovilj, Dinko Babić, Vanja Radolić, Igor Miklavčić and Branko Vuković

Abstract

For years, the town of Slavonski Brod in Croatia has been facing serious problems with air pollution, which is usually attributed to an oil refinery across the Sava River in Bosnia and Herzegovina. While the air quality is being monitored rigorously with regard to nonradioactive matter, no attention has been paid to the possibility of a coincidental radioactive pollution. This study is the first to have addressed this issue. We measured ambient dose rate equivalents at 150 sites and found that none exceeded 120 nSv h-1, while the average was 80 nSv h-1. Gamma-ray spectrometry of the collected river water and soil samples did not reveal any unusual radioactivity either. In other words, we have found no evidence of radioactive pollution that would endanger the health of the residents of Slavonski Brod.

Open access

Matej Babič, Miłosz Andrzej Huber, Elzbieta Bielecka, Metin Soycan, Wojciech Przegon, Ljubomir Gigović, Siniša Drobnjak, Dragoljub Sekulović, Ivan Pogarčić, George Miliaresis, Matjaž Mikoš and Marko Komac

Abstract

Many problems in the analysis of natural terrain surface shapes and the construction of terrain maps to model them remain unsolved. Almost the whole process of thematic interpretation of aerospace information consists of a step-by-step grouping and further data conversion for the purpose of creating a completely definite, problematically oriented picture of the earth’s surface. In this article, we present application of a new method of drawing 3D visibility networks for pattern recognition and its application on terrain surfaces. For the determination of complexity of 3D surface terrain, we use fractal geometry method. We use algorithm for constructing the visibility network to analyse the topological property of networks used in complex terrain surfaces. Terrain models give a fast overview of a landscape and are often fascinating and overwhelmingly beautiful works by artists who invest all their interest and an immense amount of work and know-how, combined with a developed sense of the portrayed landscape, in creating them. At the end, we present modelling of terrain surfaces with topological properties of the visibility network in 3D space.

Open access

Ivan Praznik, Marko Spasić, Ivan Radosavljević, Bojan Stojanović, Dragan Čanović, Dragče Radovanović, Zorica Savović, Radiša Vojinović, Živan Babić, Nela Đonović, Tanja Luković, Predrag Lazarević, Nataša Đorđević, Irena Kostić, Ivana Jelić, Jelena Petrović, Stefan Stojanović, Milena Jurišević, Iva Grubor, Ljiljana Nikolić, Ksenija Vučićević, Viktorija Artinović, Anđela Milojević, Marina Kostić, Srđjan Stefanović and Slobodan Janković

Summary

The aim of the paper was to determine the factors related to the initial therapy that may contribute to death from severe necrotizing acute pancreatitis and to analyze their clinical importance as well as possible additive effects.

A retrospective case-control study included all adult patients treated for severe necrotizing acute pancreatitis in the Clinical Center of Kragujevac, Serbia, during the five-year period (2006-2010.). The cases (n = 41) were patients who died, while the controls (n = 69) were participants who survived. In order to estimate the relationship between potential risk factors and observed outcome, crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were calculated in logistic regression models.

Significant association with observed outcome was shown for the use of gelatin and/or hydroxyethyl starch (adjusted OR 12.555; 95 % CI 1.150-137.005), use of albumin (adjusted OR 27.973; 95 % CI 1.741-449.373), use of octreotide (adjusted OR 16.069; 95 % CI 1.072-240.821) and avoiding of enteral feeding (adjusted OR 3.933; 95 % CI 1.118-13.829), while the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs had protective role (adjusted OR 0.057; 95 % CI 0.004-0.805).

The risk of death in patients with predicted severe necrotizing acute pancreatitis could be reduced with avoidance of treatment with colloid solutions, albumin and octreotide, as well as with an early introduction of oral/enteral nutrition and use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Open access

Bojan Stojanovic, Marko Spasic, Ivan Radosavljevic, Dragan Canovic, Dragce Radovanovic, Ivan Praznik, Nikola Prodanovic, Andjela Milojevic, Ivana Jelic, Zivan Babic, Viktorija Artinovic, Iva Grubor, Ljiljana Nikolic, Ksenija Vucicevic, Jelena Miljkovic, Ana Divjak, Srdjan Stefanovic and Slobodan Jankovic

Abstract

Acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) is a severe form of acute pancreatitis that is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Thus, an adequate initial treatment of patients who present with acute pancreatitis (AP) based on correct interpretation of early detected laboratory and clinical abnormalities may have a significant positive impact on the disease course.

The aim of the study was to determine patient- and initial treatment-related risk factors for the development of acute necrotizing pancreatitis.

For the purpose of this study a case-control design was chosen, including adult patients treated for AP in the surgical Intensive Care Unit (sICU) of Clinical Center of Kragujevac, from January 2006 to January 2011. The cases (n=63) were patients who developed ANP, while the controls (n=63) were patients with AP without the presence of pancreatic necrosis. The controls were randomly selected from a study sample after matching with the cases by age and sex.

Significant association with the development of ANP was found for the presence of comorbidity (adjusted OR 6.614 95%CI 1.185-36.963), and the use of somatostatin (adjusted OR 7.460, 95%CI 1.162-47.833) and furosemide (adjusted OR 2710.57, 95%CI 1.996-56.035) started immediately upon admission to the sICU.

This study suggests that comorbidities, particularly the presence of serious cardio-vascular disease, can increase the risk for development of acute necrotizing pancreatitis. The probability for the development of ANP could be reduced by the avoidance of the initial use of loop diuretics and somatostatin.