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Open access

Bogdan Żółtowski and Mariusz Żółtowski

Abstract

It this work was talked over chosen and the new problems of exploitation of folded machine engines, helped with methods of technical diagnostics and monitoring the state. This concerns more and more often: the questions perfecting the effectiveness of methods of diagnosing, systems of preventive exchanges, new solutions of software on stage co-ordinating the decision (one - and the multi - dimension), as and the dedicated systems of diagnosing in engineering of diagnostics. Introduced problems of this study finds in processes of destruction of machine engines his reason, concurrent every machine engine near at hand after her producing, until to liquidation. The be shaping the costs of exploitation of machine engines and the possibilities of applying of well-known strategies of exploitation differentiate in this area the variety of organizational workings. The developing technical diagnostics gives to rational exploitation of machine engines the basis in newly created or the perfected diagnostic systems of exploitation.

Open access

Mariusz Żółtowski

ABSTRACT

Historic harbour brick objects are subject to large dynamic loads clearly reflected by generated vibration processes. The vibrations may affect state of serviceability of structures by lowering comfort of persons working there as well as possible reaching the level hazardous to safety of the structures. The effect of vibrations to structure is mainly manifested by additional stresses in a given cross-section, which are summed up with those resulting from static loads. Moreover often occur consequences associated with environmental conditions and fatigue of materials which accelerate destruction of the objects. Therefore the dynamic loads may cause damaging effects in buildings of various structural types or even lead to their catastrofic destruction. Judging the necessity of improving the quality assessment methods of building structures for purposes of estimation of their state as well as safety factors for brick structures (see PN-B- 03002 standard, p.3.1.3 and 4.6), the author of this work undertook an attempt to investigate destruction process of selected building structures by using the method of operational modal analysis.

Open access

Mariusz Żółtowski

Abstract

Modal analysis is widely used in the removal of defects caused by vibration of infrastructure, structure modification, updating the analytical model, or the control of the state and is used to monitor the vibration of structures in the aerospace and civil engineering mechanics from early 1990 began to pay close attention to the use of operational modal analysis (OMA) in a study of the existing building structures. In this case, the vibration exciter platforms, buildings, towers, bridges, etc. to force Operating (ambient). Here we measure only the response of the force generated by the environment. OMA is also very attractive for aerospace and mechanical engineering. This article presents the results of the existing building structure (reinforced concrete wall using operational modal analysis software and used to carry out the LMS and visualization of the results of such research.

Open access

Mariusz Żółtowski, Michał Liss, Bogdan Żółtowski and Josef Melcer

Abstract

Dockside cranes must meet the relevant strength requirements that provide usefulness and not endanger the safety of their use. The vibration effect on structural safety hazard results from the impact of horizontal forces caused by the transport of goods for loading and transverse forces caused by wind, which can be dangerous for correct functioning. In addition, there are often serious effects of climate-related impacts of the environment, material fatigue, which actuates the degradation state of the object. Dynamic loads may therefor cause random effects that devastate the structures or lead to their catastrophic destruction.

Recognizing the need to improve the testing methods of crane structures in order to assess their condition and assess their safety factors - this paper attempts to develop a methodology for testing the degradation of the selected portion of a construction crane - using experimental modal analysis, realized in simulation tests in the Inventor environment as well as at test stand research.

Open access

Mariusz Żółtowski, Bogdan Żółtowski and Leonel Castaneda

Abstract

This paper presents a methodology to evaluate the technical state of a Francis turbine by shaft rotor dynamic simulation. There are several rotor dynamic criteria that define the technical state of a turbo-machine. To feed the shaft rotor dynamic model this delivers the required information to accomplish the technical assessment. The numerical rotor dynamic model uses as input, the field forces obtained by the fluid-solid interaction analysis undertaken over the blades of the runner.

The rotor dynamic numerical simulations allow to determinate the record-in-time of the displacements of any point along the shaft. This information is relevant for diagnosis tasks, because it is possible to decompose it spectrally and to estimate the severity of the vibrations. Comparing the results of the numerical model against those obtained from machines that operates under normal conditions, it is possible to determinate the technical state of the turbo-machine. This allows studying the stability of the turbine working on several operation ranges.

A Francis turbine is a very complex machine that involves many physical phenomena of different nature. In this way, the hydraulic input forces needed by the rotor dynamic model should not be assumed but calculated directly from the fluid interaction over the turbine structure.

Open access

Bogdan Żółtowski and Mariusz Żółtowski

Abstract

In this work - in view of still decreasing crude oil resources and increasing fuel prices - are presented issues concerning research on development of other, alternative fuel sources including those used in water, land and air transport means. One of them is hydrogen which, while burning, does not produce noxious carbon dioxide but only side effects such as heat and clean water.

It is almost true that along with sudden drop of availability and rising price of crude oil many countries face economical paralysis. Any of alternative sources is not capable of supplying even only a basic amount of such energy, not mentioning the whole amount of energy demanded by our civilization. Hydrogen as an independent fuel for internal combustion engines has yet to go a long way to commercialization. to be Co-burning systems (combustion of mixtures)of today used hydrocarbon fuels combined with hydrogen seem closer to this aim. As proved in many investigations the substitution of a part of hydrocarbon fuel by hydrogen enables to make use of beneficial features of both the fuels.

One of possible solutions of the problem may be application of an innovative hydrogenic fuel electrolyzer which is presented and evaluated in this paper.