Laurentiu Marin, Topala Pavel, Catalina Daniela Marin and Teodor Sandu
Research and development activities presented were aimed at obtaining a nanocomposite polyurethane matrix with special anti-wear, anti-slip and fire-resistant properties. Research and development works were materialized by obtaining polyurethane nanocomposite matrix, by its physico-chemical modification in order to give the desired technological properties and by characterization of the obtained material. Polyurethane nanocomposite matrix was obtained by reacting a PETOL 3 type polyetherpolyol (having a molecular weight of 5000 UAM) with a diisocyanate under well-established reaction conditions. Target specific technological properties were obtained by physical and chemical modification of polyurethane nanocomposite matrix. The final result was getting a pellicle material based on modified nanocomposite polyurethane, with anti-wear, anti-slip and fire-resistant properties, compatible with most substrates encountered in civil and industrial construction: wood, concrete, metal.
Dan Mihai Constantinescu, Radu Catalin Picu, Marin Sandu, Dragos Alexandru Apostol, Adriana Sandu and Florin Baciu
Specific manufacturing technologies were applied for the fabrication of epoxy-based nanocomposites with silica nanoparticles. For dispersing the fillers in the epoxy resin special equipment such as a shear mixer and a high energy sonicator with temperature control were used. Both functionalized and unfunctionalized silica nanoparticles were added in three epoxy resins. The considered filling fraction was in most cases 0.1, 0.3 and 0.5 wt%.. The obtained nanocomposites were subjected to monotonic uniaxial and creep loading at room temperature. The static mechanical properties were not significantly improved regardless the filler percentage and type of epoxy resin. Under creep loading, by increasing the stress level, the nanocomposite with 0.1 wt% silica creeps less than all other materials. Also the creep rate is reduced by adding silica nanofillers.