Monika Okońska, Marek Marciniak, Joanna Zembrzuska and Mariusz Kaczmarek
At present, concentrations of pharmaceuticals in surface and ground waters are low; however, even low concentrations of certain substances may prove very harmful. One of such pharmaceutical drugs is diclofenac, a popular non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). For this reason, it is important to determine its mobility in groundwater and to estimate parameters of migration. Authors conducted column tests for two porous media: an artificial one, consisting of glass granules, and a natural one, i.e., sandur sand obtained from a site north of the city of Poznań (Poland). During the test, impulse breakthrough curves of chloride ions and diclofenac were recorded. The results were used to identify a specific sorption model and to determine values of migration parameters. Solutions of the inverse problem using optimisation methods and of equations of mathematical migration models were carried out in a MATLAB environment. Based on test results, the mobility of diclofenac is shown to be very high and comparable to that of chloride ions. The tests also revealed a slight and irreversible sorption of diclofenac on grains of both porous media.
Marek Idzior, Mirosław Grzelka, Wojciech Karpiuk, Lidia Marciniak-Podsadna, Maciej Bieliński and Tomasz Borowczyk
The paper presents the investigation method allows for an analysis of failure of combustion engines piston surface. The essence of method is realization of precise measurement in various piston temperature and after that comparison of obtained results to reference piston - new one. Method has been presented on the basis of two pistons measurements.