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Open access

Ioan Sabin Sopa and Marcel Pomohaci

Abstract

Physical education classes, at primary school level, are based on developing psychomotor skills, out of which the most important are coordination and speed. At this age, skills like coordination, speed or the two combined, namely agility, are developed the best. Agility is an important characteristic of motor development, a quality needed to maintain and control body position while changing direction.

Our study focuses on a primary school class that practices physical education and we tried to see how they develop their combined coordination and speed skills. We choose to use a set of six agility tests that analyze the main components of agility like speed of movement, lateral movement, balance, coordination: Illinois Agility, Agility T-test, Agility Cone, Box Drill, AFL Agility, Arrowhead agility test and so on. After using some specific programs to develop speed and coordination we used the same tests and saw the improved results. We had two groups that we worked with, first group, the experimental group, included 16 students (age 10±1.3 years; body mass 40.3±5.4 kg; body height 142.3±5.1); the control group, included 19 students (age 10±1.6 years; body mass 43.6±3.4 kg; body height 138.5±4.7).

Results showed that the experimental group developed skills like speed, coordination and agility easier than the other group. Statistically significant differences were determined within the experimental group both in the initial and in the final tests (p<0.05), also significant differences were discovered between the experimental and the control group in the final measurement (p<0.05).

Conclusions. The Hypothesis of this study was confirmed - participation of young children in special programs for developing agility skills can prove to be very constructive for their future by developing skills like speed, coordination, lateral movement etc.

Open access

Marcel Pomohaci and Ioan Sabin Sopa

ABSTRACT

This research aims to evaluate the effects of motor activities on pupils at primary education. The two samples of pupils were divided as follows: the first group, experimental group consisted of twenty-five students with the age between ten and twelve years old, thirteen boys and twelve girls, group which followed a specific program containing agonistic, playful and initiation training in sports games; and the second group, the control group, consisted of twenty-five students with the age between ten and twelve years old, fourteen boys and eleven girls, group that took the classical physical education and sports curriculum. The motor evaluation tests at which the students have been evaluated have been taken over from the national evaluation system: speed running on 50 m, 5x10 m relay race, resistance running, jumping, throw off the oina ball, abdominal force, back force, upper members force, and lower member force. The results showed that the pupils from the experimental group had better performances compared with those from the control group at the final test, indicating the effectiveness of the agonistic, playful and initiation programs in sports games. Differences in the final testing among student groups were significant in all motor tests (p <0.05). Conclusions have shown that the research hypothesis was valid, so we can say that inclusion of programs with agonistic, playful and initiation in sports games can influence in a good way the student’s motor performance at this age.

Open access

Marcel Pomohaci and Ioan Sabin Sopa

Abstract

In the present study, we tried to discover the values or the effects considered essential for the development of positive attitudes in practicing motor activities by students. The study had as main research method the survey and the research sample included a total of 100 students from the “Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu. Research findings showed that students are aware of the beneficial effects of motor activities both on the biological, psychological and socio-cultural level. Gender differences show that opinions are divided, male students consider the physical and social effects as most important assets developed by the motor activities, while feminine students consider exponential for the motor activities effects, the mental and sanogenic effects.

Open access

Marcel Pomohaci and Ioan Sabin Sopa

Abstract

Motor activities, whether organized sports and physical education, sports training, leisure activities or competition, have at this age level, primary education, a strong playful time, pursuing both development and motor skills, physical fitness and especially the psycho-social. Through play and sports competition, the child can gain confidence and try new forms of communications so that he can express his potential and qualities.

Theory of social learning has shown that socialization is made best in the sports. According to specialists, practicing physical activities or sports influences youth personality and creates positive effects on body and mind.

Using sociological questionnaire method we tried to analyze the importance of motor activities in the process of socialization and social integration of students, the relationships established within the group and the influence of sport in group evolution.

Open access

Ioan Sabin Sopa and Marcel Pomohaci

Abstract

Sports activities and disseise prevention is a nowadays worldwide discussed problem, many specialists embraced the idea that physical activities can develop and maintain the health of human body. Our study was focused on finding the habits of a group of students from the University “Lucian Blaga” from Sibiu regarding physical activities, types of sports activities practiced in leisure time, student’s concept about the values and importance of practicing sports activities and so on.

The main method of research was the lifestyle health questionnaire through which we investigated some aspects regarding sports activities influence on the level of health. We choose a sample of 300 students from all three years of study from different faculties from our university.

The results of our investigation showed that students are aware of the positive influence of sports activities on human body.

Open access

Marcel Pomohaci and Ioan Sabin Sopa

Abstract

The main focus of the research was to discover the cohesion of our team and to find the leader of our volleyball group. The research sample was composed of 12 players with aged between 10 and 12 years old that play for CSM Bucharest at mini-volleyball level. The main research methods used was the sociometric survey method which aimed to find the elections and rejections in our group and to discover the hierarchy of every player in the team. The results showed that we had 8 mutual elections and 4 mutual rejections in our group, and an index of cohesion of 0.06 with a coefficient of cohesion of 0.12 that showed us that our volleyball team is cohesive and united, the group leaders were player SS (8) with a preferential status index of 0.67 and at the second position we find player EG (5) with a preferential status index of 0.25. Conclusions have shown that the research hypothesis was valid, so we can affirm that using the sociometric survey method we can determine the group cohesion and find the right leader of our group.

Open access

Ioan Sabin Sopa and Marcel Pomohaci

Abstract

Quality of sleep developed to be a much disputed subject in everyday life performance of men. Our study focuses on comparing two samples one of non-sportive (formed by 42 students’ age 19 ± 1.22 years) and one of professional athletes (formed by 45 sportive age between 18 ± 2.01 years). The main method used for analyzing the quality of sleep between the two samples of the research was the Athlete Sleep Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) that is a tool that analyses sleep behaviors, identify disorder in sleeping routine and determine the frequency of difficulties with sleep before and after events, competitions or intense training programs.

The results of the study showed a statistically significant differences between the two samples in the number of hours slept at night (the experiment sample having 8 to 9 hours of sleep compared with the control sample that have 6 to 7 hours); also we found differences between the time needed to fall asleep (less than 15 min at the experiment group compared with 31-60 min at the control group); less problems at sleeping in the experiment group compared with the control group and that the athletes from the experiment group are waking earlier and are a morning kind of persons compared with the control group that are more active at evening; also found differences at the caffeine doses consumed and usage of electronic devices before sleep time (the experiment have less cases compared with the control group). So the general conclusion of the study was that the level of satisfaction regarding the quality of sleep is higher at the experiment sample compared with the control sample.

Open access

Marcel Pomohaci and Ioan Sabin Sopa

Abstract

Leisure sport activities have an important role inmaintaining health and physical fitness at adults, but also being more and more used for different other reasons like socialization, communication, making new friends and relationships, self-image, challenge etc. Our study focused on finding the main necessities of adults regarding leisure sport activities, discovering the real reasons of practicing sport activities in their free time. So, using the questionnaire method, we asked 204 adults of their real necessities regarding leisure sport activities and why they practice specific sports in their free time. The results showed that different sports are practiced for different necessities, so the practitioners of volleyball game highlighted the necessities of socialization and communication, the football practitioners had chosen movement and competition necessities as main reasons for practicing sport, basketball players elected affiliation and maintain health necessities as primordial, fitness or gym practitioners affirmed that main reasons for practicing sport activities are self-image and satisfaction necessities. The conclusions of the study were that indifferent of the sport that is practiced, leisure sport activities contributes in fulfilling the adult necessities and is an important way of maintain physical, social and psychological progress

Open access

Marcel Pomohaci and Ioan Sabin Sopa

Abstract

Our research aims to identify the importance of anthropometry measurements and functional testing of two groups that practice sport different, the first group, the experimental group was formed by 25 students (age 10 ± 2.1 years, 13 boys and 12 girls), that practiced 2 hours a week physical education and other 2 hours a week basketball and volleyball optional courses; and the second group formed by 25 students (age 10 ± 1.8 years, 14 boys and 11 girls), that practiced 2 hours a week classic physical education.

The anthropometric tests included in the research were the measurement of height, weight, different length of superior and inferior segments, bust, spread of arms, biacromial diameter, bitrohanterian diameter and chest perimeter.

Results showed that children from the experimental group, that practiced more sports activities, developed more quickly and had better proportionality index then the sample group. Statistically significant differences were determined within the experimental group both in the initial and in the final tests (p<0.05), also significant differences were discovered between the experimental and the sample group in the final measurement (p<0.05).

Conclusions of this research showed that more physical activities can influence the development of children both in anthropometric way and in functional and health related.

Open access

Marcel Pomohaci and Ioan Sabin Sopa

Abstract

The importance of sports activities nowadays is showing their effects on the future development of children, extracurricular activities come in the help of the physical education teacher with benefits on children's development. Our study focuses on revealing the importance of extracurricular sports activities in the process of children's socialization and integration. The research sample was formed from two different groups, the experimental group was formed by 25 students (age 10 ± 2.1 years, 13 boys, and 12 girls), that practiced 2 hours a week physical education and other 2 hours a week extracurricular activities like basketball and volleyball; and the sample group formed by 24 students (age 10 ± 1.8 years, 12 boys and 12 girls), that practiced 2 hours a week classic physical education. The results showed us that extracurricular activities have a good impact on children's socialization and integration, the experimental group improved their coefficient of group cohesion from 0.04 at the initial testing to 0.06 at the final test, and the index of cohesion from 0.02 at the initial test to 0.05 at the final testing. Significant differences were found within the experimental group both in the initial and in the final tests (p < 0.05), also significant differences were discovered between the experimental and the sample group in the final measurement (p < 0.05). Conclusions of this research presented that the experimental group had good improvements of cohesion and social integration of children, showing that extracurricular sport activities have a positive impact on improving socialization, developing cohesion and integrate the marginalized children in the social group.