The aim of this paper is to present an overview of protected areas in Polish seaside spa towns in order to preserve their nature value while focusing on the spatial order. Analyses were conducted considering the status of works on the Landscape Act concerning the interior of Polish spa towns and advantageous effects of that Act in the town space. This review paper presents protected areas based on the resources of the Central Register of Nature Conservation Forms (Centralny Rejestr Form Ochrony Przyrody CRFOP) available at the website of the General Directorate for Environmental Protection (Generalna Dyrekcja Ochrony Środowiska GDOŚ), which data may find multiple uses. The material for analyses is related to all the six Polish seaside spa towns (as for 01.2020). Polish seaside spa towns have many common natural characteristics. All of the six towns are located on the Baltic Sea, have sandy beaches and dunes and they are situated in the vicinity of protected areas. Frequently a green belt, typically a pine forest, separates the seaside zone from the town. Despite its very long seaside line Poland in 2019 has only six seaside spa towns (Kołobrzeg, Świnoujście, Sopot, Kamień Pomorski, Ustka, Dąbki).
This paper presents changes observed in the green areas in the city of Sopot. Analyses of Sopot archival materials, both cartographic and graphic, provided grounds for an assessment of changes and transformations in that respect starting from the 19th century. These analyses covered all the spa town protection zones A, B and C. This study also focuses on the aspect related with the primary function served by the spa town within the city. The city was also investigated in terms of the considerable cultural value frequently associated with green areas, since Sopot is an architectural gem of historical value. The analysis empasised the positive effect of green areas on the health resort character of the city. Green areas in the spa town of Sopot were analysed applying the comparative method. For this purpose maps and city maps were investigated. Additionally, the study is also based on archival graphic materials collected from the dawnysopot.pl website, as well as recent field studies (Świeczkowska, 2017).
The aim of this study was to document spatial changes in the size of the Spa Park in Inowrocław from the 19th century onwards based on archival maps as well as field research and observations of the current status. Towns providing a highly specialised health resort and spa services, such as Inowrocław, need large expanses of green areas as public spaces for outdoor therapy for spa town visitors and patients. In Inowrocław, this may not be limited only to the surroundings of the greatest asset of this spa town - its graduation towers. The fascinating history of the area and planning decisions concerning green areas over the years have brought many benefits to the town, which also extend outside the scope of health resort services. This article presents the multi-faceted changes and transformations of this area along with the plans and intended uses.