This paper focuses on the methods to reduce social inequalities through appropriate public health management implemented within the EU. In the initiatives taken by the EU, it is important to contribute to the achievement of greater equality in terms of health in all social groups in the member states, and to reduce heterogeneity between countries in combating health inequalities by focusing on their socioeconomic determinants related to health and lifestyles. The research method adopted in this paper was the analysis of documents related to direct actions on health safety and health policy within the European Union.
With contemporary challenges and threats, health safety is more and more often taken into account in various European safety and health programmes. The European Union plays an important role in the improvement of public health, prevention and treatment of diseases, reduction in the number of sources of hazards to human health, and alignment of health strategies between member states. This paper presents the problems related to the management of health safety in the European Union. Furthermore, based on the analysis of EU documents, the strategic objectives of health safety management in member states were enumerated, with examples of coordination, cooperation and exchange of practices.