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Open access

Maciej Tomczak, Małgorzata Walczak and Grzegorz Bręczewski

Selected Psychological Determinants of Sports Results in Senior Fencers

Purpose. The aim of the present study was to determine the correlations between the strength of the stimulation process, mobility of nervous processes, achievement motivation and sports results of fencers in the senior age category. Methods. The sample was comprised of 38 senior fencers (19 men and 19 women) aged 21-32 years. The strength of the stimulation process and mobility of nervous processes were assessed with the Strelau and Zawadzki PTS inventory. The subjects' achievement motivation was measured with the achievement motivation questionnaire by Widerszal-B azyl. Results. The study revealed that senior fencers (women, in particular) featured higher mean levels of the examined psychological determinants, i.e., strength of the stimulation process, mobility of nervous processes and achievement motivation than the general population in the same age range. Strong and statistically significant correlations were found between all the studied psychological determinants and sports results among the male fencers in the sample. In the group of female fencers none of the correlations were statistically significant. Conclusions. The results might provoke reflection on the role of coaches and, consequently, may have implications for the cooperation between coaches and athletes, indicating that the individual psychological differences of fencers should be considered during training. The coach may also decide on the necessity for considering on the reported diversification within the gender or age domain, and the need to consider such psychological properties as temperamental characteristics or the level of achievement motivation.

Open access

Beata Pluta, Małgorzata Bronikowska, Maciej Tomczak, Ida Laudańska-Krzemińska and Michał Bronikowski

Summary

Study aim: Both adequate time and quality time are important for the wellbeing of a family. The study evaluated the effective­ness of a 15-week family-based physical activity (PA) intervention entitled “Junior for Seniors”. It included both children and parents. The paper focuses on an important topic - family-based leisure-time physical activity (LTPA). It is set in Polish primary schools, which is a novel approach. Regular physical activity for young people and their parents improves health and fitness including strength and endurance, promotes development of healthy bones and muscles, helps control weight and in­creases self-esteem.

Material and methods: In 2015, 24 children (“juniors”, 14 girls and 10 boys, aged (mean ± SD) 7.96 ± 0.69 years) and 22 par­ents (“seniors”, 14 mothers aged 38.86 ± 2.96 years and 8 fathers aged 37.38 ± 2.97 years) were voluntarily enrolled in a study encompassing three primary schools in the city of Poznań, Poland. To measure factors associated with LTPA, selected ques­tions from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) questionnaire were used.

Results: As a result of the intervention, children increased both the amount of time they spent on intense LTPA and the fre­quency with which they undertook LTPA (values for “time spent on intense physical exercises during leisure time” were statis­tically significantly higher in the post-test; Z = -2.57; p < 0.05). In the post-test, statistically significant relations were obtained between the following variables: reason for physical activity: for better sport results - with family: playing together; r = 0.41, p < 0.05. In the parents’ group no statistically significant increase was observed in any of the variables measured.

Conclusions: The research issues presented in this paper require further exploration in larger scale studies. However, based on the present study, it may be concluded that one important goal has been achieved: that of more frequent family social behav­iours and improved quality of LTPA.