Own Business Enterprise in the Professional Plans of Tourism and Recreation Students
Introduction. This study deals with the issue of career plans of tourism and recreation students. The aim of this study was to determine the degree of willingness of the respondents to take on business proprietorship, and to identify determinants of their behaviour in this regard. The research focused on the preparation of students in the course of their education to take on business initiatives their own. Material and methods. The study was conducted in the 2010/2011 academic year, using the method of diagnostic poll and the auditorium survey technique. It included 167 first-year full time students majoring in Tourism and Recreation of the University of Physical Education in Warsaw (Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska). Results. The results of studies have showed that students express a great deal of interest in business proprietorship. They are primarily motivated by desire to maintain independence of decision-making, the need to develop their own interests and the expected high incomes. The main obstacle in this respect appears to be the lack of necessary funds to run own company. The assessed their professional business entrepreneurship skills relatively low, pointing to the lack of proper preparation in the course of the studies. Particularly low assessment was given to their skills regarding the raising funds necessary to start and run a business.
Introduction. The paper discusses the issue of vocational skills amongst students of university studies in tourism and recreation at the Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska. The objective of the research, whose results are presented in the current paper, was to diagnose the results of studies at undergraduate and postgraduate level in relation to their knowledge, skills and social competencies. Material and methods. Research was carried out in June 2012 by means of a diagnostic poll using the random survey technique. The survey encompassed students graduating from undergraduate and graduate programmes (N=199). Results. Analyses indicated that students of both programmes evaluate their knowledge and skills acquired in the course of studies as low. On the other hand, students evaluated their social competencies, in particular those connected with the university's profile, as high. According to respondents' declarations, the level of knowledge, skills and other competencies acquired in the course of undergraduate and graduate studies does not fully meet respondents' requirements.
Changes in the socio-economic environment of universities require its tasks and social roles to be constantly reviewed and redefined. The present paper attempts to assess universities’ responsibility for the outcomes of educational process. The outcomes are measured on the basis of graduates’ preparedness for undertaking professional work. The paper’s aim was to indicate the main discrepancies between employers’ expectations regarding graduates’ occupational training and the level of competences acquired by graduates in the course of their studies. A premise was made that the comparison of the views presented by the main stakeholders will enable the level on which the individual competences match the needs of labor market to be determined, and the strengths and weaknesses of university curricula to be indicated. The analysis encompassed both hard occupational skills, which are subordinated to the content-related educational profile, and key soft competences.