A Statistical Analysis of Dividend in Chosen Companies Listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange
The capital market appeared in Poland relatively not far ago, so it is the young market and is not shaped well. Although, the development rate does not satisfy all the believers of the capital market, it should be emphasized that this market is functioning and is developing. Market indicators are a significant element of the market analysis performed by means of fundamental analysis. The aim of this article is to study the statistic regularity in the scope of indicators connected with a dividend. In Poland dividend is not discussed often and indicators connected with dividend are practically not used in stock analysis. This study will show the usefulness of these measures in the analysis connected with investment on the stock exchange market. The analyses are conducted for some dividend variables on the Warsaw Stock Exchange (dividend rate of return and pay indicators, stopping and re-investment). The analyses concern data in the period of 2000÷2006. Some statistical parameters to detect statistical regularity for dividend rate of return and pay indicators, stopping and re-investment on the Warsaw Stock Exchange are used in the paper. The author tried to analyse the relation between selected variables too. The study should make it possible to decide if measures such as dividend rate of return and pay indicators, stopping and re-investment are unquestionably important and useful in stock analysis. It is particularly important from the point of view of long-term investment, as well as the fundamental analysis. They should be included in the group of market indicators in case of statistically significant influence of measures connected with a dividend on investment profitability. This leads to the possibility of significant growth of an investment that can turn out profitable on the capital market.
Statistical Analysis of Financial and Economic Condition in Companies Listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange
The analysis of securities is an essential element of investment. It is a complex and, very frequently, long-lasting process. Depending on the assumed time perspective of an investment, the analysis may be carried out on the basis of appropriate tools within technical or fundamental analysis. Assuming that the investment is long-term, the methods of fundamental analysis, particularly the indicator analysis are be useful. Additionally, in securities analyses taxonomic methods are more frequently used, which allows for the evaluation of the securities quality through the synthetic analysis of statistical economic and financial indicators. Methods of linear arrangement used to assess the companies' fundamental strength are based on the economic and financial indicators. These indicators define in a numerical manner the relations between economic and financial values, which allows for conclusions on the condition of the examined economic entities, sectors or markets. Furthermore, indicators are a source of data in quantitative analyses, they are diagnostic variables in research studies. Thus this situation poses a few crucial questions:
- how do the economic and financial indicators rule on the stock market?
- what is their level, do they maintain the norms?
- what is the quality of data on the basis of which securities analyses are carried out?
The main goal of the article is to analyze the fundamental power of companies listed on Warsaw Stock Exchange (WSE) by using TMAI value (in space and time). The study was performed in the period of 2005-2008 (the first quarter of 2008). Thus, the base was constituted by 126 companies. Banks and other financial institutions were excluded. Within the macrosectors existing on the Polish capital market, a statistical analysis of the level of economic and financial indicators characterizing particular companies was performed.