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  • Author: Małgorzata Łukowicz x
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Sylwia Sztuce and Małgorzata Łukowicz

Abstract

The most common complication of the chronic venous leg are ulcers and their frequency increases with age. Taking into consideration time and cost of treatment the ulcers are a serious medical and socioeconomic problem. Causal treatment concerns vein surgery, however, the recurrence risk up to 50% is observed. In the case of contraindications the conservative treatment is practiced. Topical treatment of ulcers is one of the methods of the conservative therapy. Methods of conservative treatment include general and local pharmacotherapy and compression therapy. Shall apply surgical skin grafting. Nowadays the standard therapy is more often completed by physical methods. Physical methods are not only the complement of the conventional treatment, but also a relevant factor referring to the effective treatment, especially as far as the minimum of contraindications is concerned. Electrotherapy, magnetic therapy, sonotherapy, etc. belong to this kind of methods.

The purpose of the paper is to present some methods of physical therapy in the treatment of leg ulcers. Based on the presented in the literature regiments, summarizes efficiency of magnetic therapy, high-voltage electrical stimulation and sonotherapy in the treatment of ulcers. The paper is a review of the current knowledge on the effects of therapeutic action of the above-mentioned methods. The results of the review indicate that magnetic therapy, electrostimulation of high-voltage and sonotherapy have the influence on the process of accelerating the healing of leg ulcers. It has been proved that treatment with low-frequency magnetic field indicates analgesic and anti-inflammatory, purifies wounds, accelerates the skin formation and finally leads to a complete epithelialization. After applying high voltage electrostimulation, can be observed a reduction in the amount of purulend secretions. High voltage electrostimulation (HVS) accelerates the skin formation and granulation process. After applying sonotherapy the uclers surface decreased. Therapy accelerated the process of clearing the wound of pus and the formation of granulation tissue.

Open access

Agnieszka Łukowicz, Elżbieta Urbańska-Galewska and Małgorzata Gordziej-Zagórowska

Abstract

One of the major advantages of light gauge steel structures made of cold-formed steel sections is their low weight so the production of typical single-storey steel structures of this kind of profiles is still rising. The well known profiles, e.o. Z-sections, C-sections and the so called hat-sections studied and described in the literature, are used mainly as purlins or truss components. A new profile GEB was patented for the use for primary load-bearing member in fabricated steel frames. According to the code [1] every novel cross section should be tested to assign the deformation shape and bearing capacity. The paper deals with the numerical and experimental research of bearing capacity of cold formed GEB profiles. The deformation shape and limit load was obtained from bending tests. The GEB cross section bearing capacity was also determined according to codes [1, 2].

Open access

Jolanta Stępowska, Agata Pudłowska, Anna Matlęga and Małgorzata Łukowicz

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of the study was to assess load surface with regard to muscle tone distribution of premature infants compared to full-term infants. Material and methods: Twenty-four infants aged 3-6 months (adjusted age) were examined, including 12 premature infants (born before 37 weeks) and 12 full-term infants. The study was carried out at the Children’s Memorial Health Institute in Warsaw in the period from January to June 2016. The study involved interviews with the infants’ parents and examinations of infants in a supine and prone position performed on PodoBaby digital podoscope. Support surface, i.e. the loading on the left and right side of the body and the length of trunk sides were analysed. Statistical analysis was performed with the use of Statistica v.12 software and Student’s t-test. Results: No significant differences between premature infants and full-term infants regarding the loading on the right side measured in a supine position were revealed (analogous lack of differences was noted on the left side and in a prone position). In a prone position, the correlation between support surface and the length of trunk sides was noted, i.e. the loaded side of the trunk was lengthened, while the unloaded side was shortened. Conclusions: Considerable asymmetry of the loads of trunk sides was noted in premature infants, while in the case of full-term infants, the values of loads were close to symmetry. An examination with the use of PodoBaby podoscope may be applied in early diagnostics in pediatric rehabilitation.