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  • Author: M. Różański x
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A. Winiowski and M. Rózanski

Abstract

Alloys based on the Fe3Al intermetallic phase belong to a new generation of metallic materials intended for operation at higher temperatures and having properties something between those of metals and ceramic materials. They are characterised by relatively high oxidation resistance, high corrosion resistance, high-temperature creep resistance, high electrical resistivity, high abrasion resistance as well as resistance to erosion and cavitation. Although the material costs of these alloys are relatively low, they belong to materials which are very difficult to join by means of welding methods. For this reason, joining such materials remains an important and current research and technological problem. One of the methods used for joining such materials is brazing. This work shows the results of technological tests concerned with vacuum brazing an alloy based on the Fe3Al (Fe86Al14) phase using silver (Ag72Cu28) and copper-nickel (Cu90Ni10, Cu95Ni5) filler metals as well as presents the results of tests on the mechanical and structural properties of obtained joints.

Open access

A. Winiowski and M. Rózanski

Abstract

The research involved vacuum tests of brazing properties of silver filler metals, containing tin as well as tin and nickel, and used in brazing of chromium X6Cr17 and chromium-nickel X6CrNiTi18-10 stainless steels. The research also involved testing the strength and structural properties of brazed joints made of these steels. The tests were conducted on filler metals (silver brazing alloys) B-Ag68CuSn-730/755 (Ag68Cu28Sn4) and B-Ag65CuSnNi-740/767 (Ag65Cu28Sn5Ni2) and also, for comparative purposes, on the filler metal B-Ag72Cu-780 (Ag 272 according to PN-EN ISO 17672), most commonly applied in the vacuum brazing of high alloyed stainless steels. The brazing properties of the filler metals were tested by determining their wettability by means of the spreadability method. The strength of brazed joints made of the stainless steels was examined in a shear test. Research-related structural tests involved light and electron microscopy with an energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). The comparative analysis of the properties of the filler metals revealed the positive impact of tin and nickel on the spreadability and wettability of the silver brazing alloys as well as on the quality and the shear strength of brazed joints.

Open access

A. Grajcar, M. Różański, M. Kamińska and B. Grzegorczyk

Abstract

The work concerns the studies on non-metallic inclusions occuring in laser-welded Si-Al TRIP steel containing Nb and Ti microadditions. Laser welding tests of 2 mm thick thermomechanically rolled sheets were carried out using keyhole welding and a solid-state laser. The results of laser welding in the air atmosphere for the heat input value of 0.048 kJ/mm are included. The distribution, type and chemical composition of non-metallic inclusions formed in the base metal, heat-affected zone, and fusion zone are analysed in detail. It was found that the base metal contains rare, fine oxysulphides. Their chemical composition was modified by rare earth elements. Numerous oxide inclusions of a various size and a chemical composition occur in the fusion zone. The dependence between a size of particles and their chemical composition was observed. A microstructure of steel was assessed using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy techniques.

Open access

M. Różański, D. Majewski and K. Krasnowski

This study presents the basic physico-chemical properties and describes the brazeability of titanium. The work contains the results of macro and microscopic metallographic examination as well as the results of strength-related tests of vacuum and induction brazed joints made of Grade 2 technical titanium using the Cu 0.99 and Ag 272 filler metal interlayers and F60T flux intended for titanium brazing in the air atmosphere.

Open access

Marcin M. Pijanka and Grzegorz W. Różański

Abstract

MPLS architecture for transport networks play the significant role in the development of next generation networks, in particular with regard to the guarantee of continuity of communications “end-to-end” through a variety of heterogeneous segments of the telecommunications network. The article presents the concept of Mobile MPLS-TP with the use of OAM channels to support the mobility of users and optimize “Handoff” procedure in a hierarchical network topology.

Open access

S. Stano, A. Grajcar, Z. Wilk, M. Różański, P. Matter and M. Morawiec

Abstract

The article presents the possibility of using twin-spot laser welding (i.e. laser welding with focusing a laser beam on two spots) for making overlap joints made of 0.8-1 mm thick HSLA and DP type high strength steel sheets. Joints were made using a Yb:YAG disc laser having a maximum power of 12 kW and a welding head by means of which it was possible to focus a laser beam on two spots, 0.6 mm and 1 mm away. The angle between focuses amounted to 0° or 90°, whereas the power distribution was 50%-50%. With settings as presented above it was possible to obtain high-quality overlap joints. The geometrical parameters of the joints were primarily affected by beams positions (in relation to each other) and, to a lesser degree, by the distance between the focuses. It was possible to obtain a 10% hardness reduction in the fusion zone of the DPHSLA steel joints if the angle between the beams amounted to 90°. The tests also involved microstructural examinations of individual zones of the joints

Open access

M. Różański, M. Morawiec, A. Grajcar and S. Stano

Abstract

The work addresses modified methods of twin-spot laser welding of complex phase steel sheets and investigates the effects of laser beam distribution on the macrostructure, microstructure and hardness. The research-related results were obtained for the beam power distributions of 50%-50%, 60%-40% and 70%-30%. Test joints were made using a Yb:YAG disc laser with a maximum power of 12 kW and a welding head by means of which it was possible to focus a laser beam on two spots. It was found that the change in the laser beam distribution affects geometrical features of the joint. The application of the second beam of lower power enables obtaining tempering-like effects, which finally lead to the beneficial hardness reduction both in the fusion zone and in heat-affected zone. The identification of various microstructural constituents in different zones of the joint was performed using light microscopic micrographs and scanning electron images.

Open access

A. Grajcar, B. Grzegorczyk, M. Różański, S. Stano and M. Morawiec

Abstract

This work is concerned with comparative tests involving single-spot and twin-spot laser welding of thermomechanically rolled TRIP steel. The welding tests were carried out using keyhole welding and a solid state laser. In the case of twin-spot laser beam welding, the power distribution of beams was 50%:50%. The changes in macro- and microstructures were investigated using light and scanning electron microscopy. Three main zones subjected to the tests included the fusion zone, the heat affected zone and the intercritical heat affected zone (transition zone between the base material and the HAZ). Special attention was paid to the effect of various thermal cycles on the microstructure of each zone and on martensite morphology. The tests involved hardness measurements carried out in order to investigate the effect of different microstructures on mechanical properties of welds.