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G. Benysek, M. Kazmierkowski, J. Popczyk and R. Strzelecki

Power electronic systems as a crucial part of Smart Grid infrastructure - a survey

This article gives a tutorial overview of the most important issues related to the use of power electronic systems in power engineering, with respect to the urgent need for modernization of existing grids in the direction of intelligent networks. The main problems and conditions bound up with the construction of Smart Grids and the location, as well as functioning in them of the most important power electronic systems are presented here. Special attention is directed therein to the potential possibilities of so-called ‘smart’ transformers and V2G and V2H technologies.

Open access

M. Basiaga, R. Jendruś, W. Walke, Z. Paszenda, M. Kaczmarek and M. Popczyk

The aim of the study was assessment of the influence of stainless steel 316 LVM surface modification on its functional properties. The analyzed steel undergone a surface treatment consisting of the following processes: mechanical polishing, chemical passivation and deposition of Al2O3 layers by Atomic Layer Deposition method. The proposed variant of surface treatment will undoubtedly contribute to improving the functional properties of stainless steel intended for implants. In order to assess functional properties of the steel, electrochemical studies, adhesion (scratch test), wetting angle tests and topography of surface (AFM method) were performed. The obtained results of the study showed clearly that the proposed by the authors way of surface treatment including: mechanical polishing, chemical passivation and deposition of Al2O3 layer by means of the ALD method effectively improves the corrosion resistance of stainless steel.

Open access

K. Wykpis, M. Popczyk, J. Niedbała, A. Budniok, E. Łągiewka and B. Bierska-Piech


This study was undertaken in order to obtain and characterize the corrosion resistance of Zn-Ni coating. The process was carried out under galvanostatic conditions (j = 50 mA·cm−2) chosen on the ground of an analysis of the deposition process in the Hull’s cell. The Zn-Ni coatings were deposited on austenitic (OH18N9) steel substrate from the ammonia bath. Thermal treatment of Zn-Ni coating was carried out in argon atmosphere. Structural investigations were conducted by X-ray diffraction method. Surface morphology of the obtained coatings was determined using a scanning electron microscope (JEOL JSM-6480) with EDS attachment. The electrochemical corrosion resistance of the prepared Zn-Ni coatings, austenitic (OH18N9) and (St3S) steels, was defined. The studies of electrochemical corrosion resistance were carried out in 5 % NaCl, using potentiodynamic and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) methods. Examinations of localized corrosion resistance were conducted using scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET). On the grounds of these investigations it was found that Zn-Ni coating after thermal treatment was more corrosion resistant than the Zn-Ni coating before thermal treatment. The relatively good corrosion resistance of Zn-Ni coatings is not as high as the resistance of (OH18N9) steel substrate, but higher compared to (St3S) steel. Therefore, the Zn-Ni coatings may be regarded as a protective coating for St3S steel.